What are the Mesopotamian gods?

Asked By: Vasyl Seegers | Last Updated: 3rd March, 2020
Category: religion and spirituality judaism
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In Sumerian religion, the most powerful and important deities in the pantheon were the "seven gods who decree": An, Enlil, Enki, Ninhursag, Nanna, Utu, and Inanna.

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Accordingly, who was the most important god in Mesopotamia?

The god Ea (whose Sumerian equivalent was Enki) is one of the three most powerful gods in the Mesopotamian pantheon, along with Anu and Enlil. He resides in the ocean underneath the earth called the abzu (Akkadian apsû), which was an important place in Mesopotamian cosmic geography.

One may also ask, what did Mesopotamian gods do? Top 10 Ancient Mesopotamian Gods

  • Adad or Hadad – the God of Storm and Rain.
  • Dagan or Dagon – the God of Crop Fertility.
  • Ea – the God of Water.
  • Nabu – the God of Wisdom and Writing.
  • Nergal – the God of Plague and War.
  • Enlil – the God of Air and Earth.
  • Ninurta – the God of War, Hunting, Agriculture, and Scribes.
  • Nanna – the God of the Moon.

Similarly, what kind of gods did the Mesopotamians believe in?

The Babylonians and Assyrians believed in nearly all the Sumerian gods, plus more gods that each added. Unlike the ancient Sumerians, they believed some gods were more powerful than others, gods like the god of the sky, the sun, the air, and the crops. To the Babylonians, Marduk was the most powerful god.

Who were the gods of Babylon?

Babylonian Gods

  • Marduk - Marduk was the primary god of the Babylonians and had Babylon as his main city.
  • Nergal - God of the underworld, Nergal was an evil god who brought war and famine on the people.
  • Tiamat - Goddess of the sea, Tiamat is drawn as a huge dragon.
  • Shamash - The Babylonian version of Utu.

28 Related Question Answers Found

Who was the oldest God?

The oldest of the Hindu Vedas (scriptures), the Rig Veda was composed. This is the first mention of Rudra a fearsome form of Shiva as the supreme god. The ancient development of Stonehenge came to an end. The Vedic Age began in India after the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilisation.

Who is Marduk God?

Marduk was the patron god of Babylon, the Babylonian king of the gods, who presided over justice, compassion, healing, regeneration, magic, and fairness, although he is also sometimes referenced as a storm god and agricultural deity.

What was enlil God of?


Enlil, later known as Elil, is an ancient Mesopotamian god associated with wind, air, earth, and storms. He is first attested as the chief deity of the Sumerian pantheon, but he was later worshipped by the Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians, and Hurrians.

Who is Ishtar?

Ishtar, (Akkadian), Sumerian Inanna, in Mesopotamian religion, goddess of war and sexual love. Ishtar is the Akkadian counterpart of the West Semitic goddess Astarte. The power attributed to her in war may have arisen from her connection with storms.

What gods did the Assyrians worship?

The following is a list of gods worshipped by the Assyrians:
  • Ishtar, the goddess of love.
  • Adramelech, A sun god.
  • Anshar, the national god.
  • As Shalla, the Assyrian goddess of grain.
  • Anasas, god of medicine.
  • Nishraeli.
  • Nisroch, god of farming.
  • Nimrod.

What gods did the Akkadians worship?

The Akkadians worshipped the Sumerian triad of An, Enlil, and Enki, however they changed the names to Anu, Bel, and Ea. Anu and Ea were created between the union of Apsu and Tiamat, and along with them the rest of creation came. Anu was depicted as the king of the gods, and a god that only the king could worship.

What religion were Babylonians?

Babylonian religion is the religious practice of Babylonia. Babylonian mythology was greatly influenced by their Sumerian counterparts, and was written on clay tablets inscribed with the cuneiform script derived from Sumerian cuneiform. The myths were usually either written in Sumerian or Akkadian.

How did the Sumerians keep their gods happy?


Sumerians and Akkadians practiced polytheism, the worship of many gods. They believed that keeping the gods happy was key to their own happiness and prosperity. On the other hand, if the gods were angry, they might bring suffering and disaster. Sumerians built huge temples called ziggurats.

How did Mesopotamians view their gods?

Mesopotamian Religion. Religion was central to Mesopotamians as they believed the divine affected every aspect of human life. Mesopotamians were polytheistic; they worshipped several major gods and thousands of minor gods. In early Mesopotamia, priests were the initial rulers as all authority came from the god.

Did the Sumerians believed in life after death?

The Sumerian afterlife was a dark, dreary cavern located deep below the ground, where inhabitants were believed to continue "a shadowy version of life on earth". This bleak domain was known as Kur, and was believed to be ruled by the goddess Ereshkigal.

What is inside a ziggurat?

The ziggurats began as a platform (usually oval, rectangular or square), the ziggurat was a mastaba-like structure with a flat top. The sun-baked bricks made up the core of the ziggurat with facings of fired bricks on the outside. Each step was slightly smaller than the step below it.

How did Mesopotamians make money?

Unlike modern systems of currency, which use paper money or coins, their system used barley. To procure this barley, people had to borrow from a banker who kept barley. Mesopotamians also used metals such as lead, copper, bronze, tin, gold, and silver, for currency.

How did the Mesopotamians bury their dead?


Although the dead were buried in Mesopotamia, no attempts were made to preserve their bodies. According to Mesopotamian mythology, the gods had made humans of clay, but to the clay had been added the flesh and blood of a god specially slaughtered for the occasion.

What is the oldest pantheon?

In order to avoid the difficulty of giving an exhaustive list of deities when devoting a temple or sacred building, a structure explicitly dedicated to "all deities" also came to be referred to as a "Pantheon". The best known of such structures is the Pantheon of Rome, first built between the years 27 BCE and 14 CE.

Who ruled Mesopotamia?

The Sumerians and Akkadians (including Assyrians and Babylonians) dominated Mesopotamia from the beginning of written history (c. 3100 BC) to the fall of Babylon in 539 BC, when it was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire.