What are the main features formed by a river in its entire course?

Asked By: Felice Papenheinrich | Last Updated: 7th June, 2020
Category: science geography
4.8/5 (23 Views . 14 Votes)
Upper course river features include steep-sided V-shaped valleys, interlocking spurs, rapids, waterfalls and gorges. Middle course river features include wider, shallower valleys, meanders, and oxbow lakes. Lower course river features include wide flat-bottomed valleys, floodplains and deltas.

Click to see full answer


Also to know is, what are the main features of a river in its upper course?

In the upper course of a river gradients are steep and river channels are narrow. Vertical erosion is greatest in the upper course of a river. As the result of this typical features include steep valley sides, interlocking spurs, rapids, gorges and waterfalls.

Likewise, what are the features formed by river erosion? Erosional landforms include V-shaped valleys, interlocking spurs, waterfalls and gorges. Meanders and oxbow lakes are formed from erosion and deposition. Depositional landforms include floodplains.

Also question is, what are the 3 courses of a river?

  • A river transports material through:
  • Deposition occurs when the river starts losing energy.
  • The three sections of a river.
  • There are three sections in a river they are called:
  • The upper Course, The Middle Course and The Lower Course.
  • The upper Course, is the steepest part.
  • of land in the river.
  • but flows very fast.

What is a main channel in Rivers?

In physical geography, a channel is a type of landform consisting of the outline of a path of relatively shallow and narrow body of fluid, most commonly the confine of a river, river delta or strait. The word is cognate to canal, and sometimes takes this form, e.g. the Hood Canal.

33 Related Question Answers Found

What are the characteristics of a river?

A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching another body of water.

What are the parts of a river?

Rivers are split up into three parts: the upper course, the middle course, and the lower course. The upper course is closest to the source of a river. The land is usually high and mountainous, and the river has a steep gradient with fast-flowing water. There is a lot of vertical erosion and weathering.

What features are found in the middle course of a river?

The middle course of a river is found on gently sloping land, and is typically identified by its meandering path - the sweeping side to side curves. The middle course has two main features - meanders and ox-bow lakes.

What is a meander of a river?

A meander is one of a series of regular sinuous curves, bends, loops, turns, or windings in the channel of a river, stream, or other watercourse.

How is a river formed?


Most rivers begin life as a tiny stream running down a mountain slope. They are fed by melting snow and ice, or by rainwater running off the land. The water follows cracks and folds in the land as it flows downhill. Small streams meet and join together, growing larger and larger until the flow can be called a river.

What is the work of river?

WORK OF THE RIVER. As rivers flow from highland to lowland they perform three important jobs, they erode, they transport the material that they have eroded and then they deposit it. small rivers flow down steep slopes and erode river beds vertically downwards.

What is the start of a river called?

The beginning of a river is called its headwaters.

What are levees?

A levee, floodbank or stopbank is a natural or artificial embankment or dike, usually earthen, which parallels the course of a river. The main purpose of an artificial levee is to prevent flooding of the adjoining countryside; however, they also confine the flow of the river resulting in higher and faster water flow.

What is the last stage of river?

When the river reaches the end of its journey, it is called an old river. The end of the river is called the mouth. At the mouth, there is often a river delta, a large, silty area where the river splits into many different slow-flowing channels that have muddy banks.

What is a lower course of a river?


Lower course of a river
The volume of water in a river is at its greatest in the lower course. This is due to the contribution of water from tributaries. The river channel is deep and wide and the land around the river is flat. Energy in the river is at its lowest and deposition occurs. .

What are the four types of rivers?

  • Perennial River. Source: American Cruise Lines.
  • Periodic River. Periodic, also often referred to as ephemeral or intermittent, rivers differ from perennial rivers in that they do not flow throughout the year.
  • Episodic River.
  • Exotic River.
  • Tributary River.
  • Distributary River.
  • Underground River.
  • Rapids.

What is the mouth of a river?

The place where a river enters a lake, larger river, or the ocean is called its mouth. River mouths are places of much activity. As a river flows, it picks up sediment from the river bed, eroding banks, and debris on the water.

What landforms are created by rivers?

A couple of other ways rivers are created are from mountain and glacier run off. Rivers are not only created by other landforms but they also create landforms. Rivers can create canyons such as the Grand Canyon, valleys and bluffs. They do this through erosion and deposition.

What is the life cycle of a river?

Through time, a stream alters the landscape of the basin through which it flows. Gradient changes explain the pattern and complex of landforms that develop. The model of these changes is called the LIFE CYCLE of the stream.

What is the bottom of a river called?


The bed (also called the river bed) is the bottom of the river (or other body of water).

Why do we need rivers?

Rivers carry water and nutrients to areas all around the earth. They play a very important part in the water cycle, acting as drainage channels for surface water. Rivers drain nearly 75% of the earth's land surface. Rivers provide excellent habitat and food for many of the earth's organisms.

What are the 5 features created as a result of river erosion?

VERTICAL EROSION is the main process in the upper course of the river, as the river wants to get to sea level. This process creates five distinctive features; a v- shaped valley, interlocking spurs, waterfalls, gorges and rapids. These occur when there are horizontal bands of hard and soft rock.