What are the long term effects of low self esteem?

Asked By: Abigail Englert | Last Updated: 21st June, 2020
Category: medical health mental health
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Low self-esteem can have devastating consequences. It can: create anxiety, stress, loneliness, and increased likelihood of depression. cause problems with friendships and romantic relationships.

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Also to know is, what are examples of low self esteem?

People with low self-esteem are more troubled by failure and tend to exaggerate events as being negative. For example, they often interpret non critical comments as critical.

Empirical Research

  • Withdrawn/shy/quiet.
  • Insecure.
  • Underachieving.
  • Negative (attitude)
  • Unhappy.
  • Socially inept.
  • Angry/hostile.
  • Unmotivated.

Furthermore, how do you recover from low self esteem? 10 ways to overcome low self-esteem

  1. Low self-esteem is seeing yourself as inadequate, unacceptable, unworthy, unlovable, and/or incompetent.
  2. Live in the moment.
  3. Develop awareness.
  4. Write in a journal.
  5. Be non-judgemental.
  6. Stay connected to yourself.
  7. Practice mindful meditation.
  8. Participate in your own life.

Similarly one may ask, what is the meaning of low self esteem?

Low self-esteem is characterized by a lack of confidence and feeling badly about oneself. People with low self-esteem often feel unlovable, awkward, or incompetent. Furthermore, people with low self-esteem are “hypervigilant and hyperalert to signs of rejection, inadequacy, and rebuff,” write Rosenberg and Owens.

What causes lack of self esteem?

Causes of low self-esteem

  • Unhappy childhood where parents (or other significant people such as teachers) were extremely critical.
  • Poor academic performance in school resulting in a lack of confidence.
  • Ongoing stressful life event such as relationship breakdown or financial trouble.

19 Related Question Answers Found

How does low self esteem negatively affect you?

Consequences of Low Self-Esteem
create anxiety, stress, loneliness, and increased likelihood of depression. cause problems with friendships and romantic relationships. seriously impair academic and job performance. lead to increased vulnerability to drug and alcohol abuse.

How can I rebuild my self esteem?

5 Steps You Can Take to Rebuild Self-Esteem
  1. Signs of low self-esteem. – Comparing ourselves to our peers and seeing ourselves as lacking in some way.
  2. Be Mindful of Self-Talk.
  3. Limit the Time You Spend With People Who Make you Feel Icky.
  4. Break Things Down Into Teeny Actions.
  5. Make a Concerted Effort to Practise Self-care.
  6. Stop Comparing Yourself to Others.

Is low self esteem genetic?

Gene May Impact Self-Esteem and Optimism. Researchers have identified a genetic connection to optimism, self-esteem and perceived control over one's life – factors that are critical for coping with stress and depression.

Is low self esteem a mental illness?

Whilst low self-esteem does not make up a condition alone, in combination with other symptoms it can point to conditions including (but not limited to) anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder and personality disorders.

What age group has the lowest self esteem?


Self-esteem was lowest among young adults but increased throughout adulthood, peaking at age 60, before it started to decline. These results are reported in the latest issue of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, published by the American Psychological Association.

What is an example of self esteem?

Self-esteem is an individual's subjective evaluation of their own worth. Self-esteem encompasses beliefs about oneself (for example, "I am unloved", "I am worthy") as well as emotional states, such as triumph, despair, pride, and shame.

How do you measure self esteem?

The Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES), developed by the sociologist Morris Rosenberg, is a self-esteem measure widely used in social-science research. It uses a scale of 0–30 where a score less than 15 may indicate a problematic low self esteem. The RSES is designed similar to the social-survey questionnaires.

How do you stay confident in a relationship?

  1. Don't snoop unless you really have good reason not to trust him.
  2. Give him a little friendly competition.
  3. Skip the games and be up-front.
  4. Be confident in yourself.
  5. Set some ground rules at the beginning.
  6. Don't let the relationship progress too far without discussing major issues.
  7. Work out.

What are the benefits of having high self esteem?

Benefits of healthy self-esteem
  • Assertive in expressing your needs and opinions.
  • Confident in your ability to make decisions.
  • Able to form secure and honest relationships — and less likely to stay in unhealthy ones.
  • Realistic in your expectations and less likely to be overcritical of yourself and others.

What is self efficacy theory?


Self-efficacy refers to an individual's belief in his or her capacity to execute behaviors necessary to produce specific performance attainments (Bandura, 1977, 1986, 1997). Self-Efficacy Theory (SET) has had considerable influence on research, education, and clinical practice.

What are the components of self esteem?

There are 4 components that define the esteem you might feel for yourself: self-confidence, identity, feeling of belonging, and feeling of competence.

How is self esteem formed?

How is self-esteem formed? Self-esteem is based on who you are and the relationships and experiences you have had at home, in school, with friends, and in the community. You form an image of yourself based on these experiences and relationships.

How do you overcome self doubt and insecurity?

12 Ways to Overcome Self-Doubt and Build a Profitable Business
  1. Know you're not alone. First, acknowledge that everyone has doubts.
  2. Stop worrying about what others think.
  3. Set immediate goals.
  4. Remind yourself of prior successes.
  5. Surround yourself with the right people.
  6. Be selective.
  7. Remember the rest of the world.
  8. Don't hinge personal identity to instant success.

Does CBT work for low self esteem?

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is often offered for low self-esteem. It aims to identify connections between thoughts, feelings and behaviour, and helps you to develop practical skills to manage any negative patterns that are causing you difficulties. (See Mind's booklet Making sense of cognitive behaviour therapy.)

Do antidepressants help with self esteem?


It's possible that older antidepressants, such as Elavil and Tofranil, have a similar impact, one masked by their side effects. Patients who feel drugged by a medication may not report that they are also feeling more confident. The paper suggested that antidepressants are inherently effective only in severe depression.