What are the long term effects of exercise on the muscular system?
|Long term effects of exercise|
|Muscular system||Muscle hypertrophy; increased strength of tendons; increased strength of ligaments|
|Skeletal system||Increase in bone density|
|Fitness||Increase in strength; increase in flexibility; increase in speed; increase in muscular endurance|
Thereof, what are the long term effects of exercise on the musculoskeletal system?
Long-term Effects Muscle hypertrophy, or the increase in muscle mass due to exercise, particularly weight training, is a noticeable long-term effect of exercise. Exercise of specific muscles can often result in hypertrophy in the opposite muscles as well, a phenomenon known as cross education.
Subsequently, question is, what are the long term effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system? During exercise, increases in cardiac stroke volume and heart rate raise cardiac output, which coupled with a transient increase in systemic vascular resistance, elevate mean arterial blood pressure (60). However, long-term exercise can promote a net reduction in blood pressure at rest.
Subsequently, one may also ask, what are the effect of exercise on muscular system?
Increased blood supply The short-term effects of exercise on your muscles include an increase in metabolic activity (the rate at which the muscles produce and release energy so that movement can take place).
What are the effects of exercise on skeletal muscles?
Resistance exercise increases muscular strength and endurance, which prevents injuries associated with musculoskeletal disorders, favorably alters muscle fiber type distribution, and up-regulates the genetic expression of certain enzymes seen in dysfunctional skeletal muscles.