What are the long term effects of exercise on the muscular system?

Asked By: Gizella Woolley | Last Updated: 14th February, 2020
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Long term effects of exercise on the body systems
Long term effects of exercise
Muscular system Muscle hypertrophy; increased strength of tendons; increased strength of ligaments
Skeletal system Increase in bone density
Fitness Increase in strength; increase in flexibility; increase in speed; increase in muscular endurance

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Thereof, what are the long term effects of exercise on the musculoskeletal system?

Long-term Effects Muscle hypertrophy, or the increase in muscle mass due to exercise, particularly weight training, is a noticeable long-term effect of exercise. Exercise of specific muscles can often result in hypertrophy in the opposite muscles as well, a phenomenon known as cross education.

Subsequently, question is, what are the long term effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system? During exercise, increases in cardiac stroke volume and heart rate raise cardiac output, which coupled with a transient increase in systemic vascular resistance, elevate mean arterial blood pressure (60). However, long-term exercise can promote a net reduction in blood pressure at rest.

Subsequently, one may also ask, what are the effect of exercise on muscular system?

Increased blood supply The short-term effects of exercise on your muscles include an increase in metabolic activity (the rate at which the muscles produce and release energy so that movement can take place).

What are the effects of exercise on skeletal muscles?

Resistance exercise increases muscular strength and endurance, which prevents injuries associated with musculoskeletal disorders, favorably alters muscle fiber type distribution, and up-regulates the genetic expression of certain enzymes seen in dysfunctional skeletal muscles.

20 Related Question Answers Found

What are the effects of regular physical activity on the skeletal system?

In the long term, physical activity can improve your bone density, increasing the strength of ligaments of the joints associated with them. Increased body density can help to reduce the risk of osteoporosis. Long-term, repetitive physical activity can cause stress fractures in bones.

How do you strengthen your skeletal muscles?

How to Build Stronger Bones
  1. Get the Right Vitamins and Hormones. Calcium, Vitamin D, hormones, and exercise are the primary factors that affect the health and strength of your bones.
  2. Stay Active.
  3. Do Yoga.
  4. Breathe to Restore Your Body.
  5. Eat Well.
  6. Beware of Calium Robbers.
  7. Get More Vitamin D.
  8. Watch Your Posture.

How does exercise affect the nervous system?

Not only does exercise increase the production of new neurons in the hippocampus, it also increases the production of glial cells, which are the brain's support network: These cells have protective effects and support the function of neurons, and they are produced throughout the brain.

Why do skeletal muscles show fatigue after heavy exercise?

Abstract. Intracellular acidosis due mainly to lactic acid accumulation has been regarded as the most important cause of skeletal muscle fatigue. High-intensity exercise also leads to a rapid decline in contractile function known as skeletal muscle fatigue.

How does exercise affect the cardiovascular system?


Exercise also stimulates the production of new blood vessels. As we make more blood vessels, there are more places for blood to flow, which results in more efficient circulation. Cardiovascular exercise increases the number of new blood vessels while resistance training increases the size of those blood vessels.

What are the long term benefits of exercise?

Overall health improves with exercise
  • Control weight.
  • Reduce risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and some cancers.
  • Strengthen bones and muscles.
  • Improve mental health and mood.
  • Improve your ability to do daily activities and prevent falls.
  • Increase your chances of living longer.

Should BP increase with exercise?

Exercise can increase blood pressure, but the effects are typically temporary. Your blood pressure should gradually return to normal after you finish exercising. Exercise increases systolic blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure is a measure of blood vessel pressure when your heart beats.

How long does it take for the long term effects of exercise to occur?

Long term effects of exercise on the body systems. Taking part in regular exercise or training around three times per week for six weeks will lead to adaptation of the body systems that are used or trained.

How can you improve your cardiovascular system?

Exercise regularly – Start exercising gradually by including walking, biking, jogging, swimming or any additional movement in your routine. A recent study showed using electric assist bicycles can provide benefits for your cardiovascular system, especially for people who had been sedentary.

What happens to your respiratory system when you exercise?


During exercise there is an increase in physical activity and muscle cells respire more than they do when the body is at rest. The heart rate increases during exercise. The rate and depth of breathing increases - this makes sure that more oxygen is absorbed into the blood, and more carbon dioxide is removed from it.

What is a chronic adaptation to exercise?

A chronic adaptation refers to the long term affects on one or more of the bodies systems as a person sustains their exercise habit. Chronic adaptations are essentially the benefits a client receives over the long term if they 'stick to it'.

Does exercise improve cardiovascular health?

One obvious answer is that exercise burns calories, which can help you maintain or reach a healthy weight. Regular exercise also improves factors linked to cardiovascular health, resulting in lower blood pressure, healthier cholesterol levels, and better blood sugar regulation.

What happens to the cardiovascular system before exercise?

Heart rate can be changed by neurotransmitters such as adrenaline and noradrenaline, released from the brain. Therefore, before exercise, the heart rate increases and the subsequent increase in blood flow has already begun to supply oxygen and nutrients to the muscle or muscles about to be worked.

How does exercise improve the respiratory system?

Respiratory Benefits
Exercise improves your lung capacity. Exercise increases the blood flow to your lungs, allowing the lungs to deliver more oxygen into the blood.

How do the body systems work together during exercise?


When a person takes part in exercise the cardiovascular, respiratory, energy and muscular systems all work together to supply energy to the working muscles and remove waste products. When the muscles start to work, they need more oxygen so the respiratory system responds by getting more oxygen into the lungs.