What are the chances of getting a disease from a needlestick?

Asked By: Yunmei Schmitting | Last Updated: 6th May, 2020
Category: medical health infectious diseases
4/5 (38 Views . 31 Votes)
Your chances of catching a disease from a single needle stick are usually very low. About 1 out of 300 health care workers accidentally stuck with a needle from someone with HIV get infected. But for hepatitis B, the odds can be as high as nearly 1 in 3 if the worker hasn't been vaccinated for it.

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Also question is, what diseases can you get from a needlestick?

Summary

  • Blood-borne diseases that could be transmitted by a needlestick injury include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV).
  • Thoroughly wash the wound with soap and water, and go to your doctor or nearest emergency department as soon as possible.

Similarly, what percentage of needlestick exposures actually result in HBV? For a susceptible person, the risk from a single needlestick or cut exposure to HBV-infected blood ranges from 6-30% and depends on the hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status of the source individual.

Moreover, how common are needlestick injuries?

Needlestick injuries are most like to happen among healthcare workers who are accidentally exposed to infected blood (occupational exposure). It is estimated that around three million such needlestick injuries take place globally each year, including one million in Europe, although not all such injuries are reported.

What to do if you get stuck by a needle?

If you pierce or puncture your skin with a used needle, follow this first aid advice immediately:

  1. encourage the wound to bleed, ideally by holding it under running water.
  2. wash the wound using running water and plenty of soap.
  3. do not scrub the wound while you're washing it.
  4. do not suck the wound.

21 Related Question Answers Found

What is the most common cause of needlestick injury?

Hypodermic and butterfly needles cause the most number of needlestick injuries. Hypodermic needles are hollow and are used with a syringe to inject substances into the body.

What tests are done after a needlestick?

Laboratory studies in exposed individuals/health care worker include the following: Hepatitis B surface antibody. HIV testing at time of incident and again at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. Hepatitis C antibody at time of incident and again at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks.

How do you handle a needlestick injury?

Treating needlestick injuries
  1. Wash the area gently with soap and running tap water as soon as possible.
  2. Apply an antiseptic and a clean dressing.
  3. Obtain prompt medical advice from your local doctor or hospital emergency department, preferably within 24 hours.
  4. Dispose of the needle safely.

What happens if you touch a used needle?

If a person sustains an injury from a discarded used needle in the community it usually causes a great degree of anxiety and distress. The main fear is that the injury caused by the discarded used needle may result in infection with HIV or hepatitis. The risk of acquiring these infections is extremely low.

Can you get hepatitis from a lancet?


There are various preventable modes of transmission of HCV infection, including needlestick and sharps injuries. However, HCV infection secondary to needlestick injury by a capillary blood glucose meter (CBGM) lancet has not been previously well reported.

What is considered a needlestick injury?

Needlestick injury: A penetrating stab wound from a needle (or other sharp object) that may result in exposure to blood or other body fluids. The main concern is exposure to the blood or other body fluids of another person who may be carrying infectious disease.

How likely is it to get hep C from a needle stick?

After a needlestick or sharps exposure to HCV-positive blood, the risk of HCV infection is 0.1% (24). If the health care worker does become infected, follow AASLD/IDSA guidelines for management and treatment of hepatitis C .

Can you use the same needle twice on yourself?

It is not safe to change the needle and reuse the syringe – this practice can transmit disease. A single-use vial is a bottle of liquid medication that is given to a patient through a needle and syringe.

Why do needlestick injuries occur?

Needlestick injuries are wounds caused by needles that accidentally puncture the skin. Needlestick injuries are a hazard for people who work with hypodermic syringes and other needle equipment. These injuries can occur at any time when people use, disassemble, or dispose of needles.

How can needlestick and sharp injuries be prevented?


  1. Avoid recapping needles.
  2. Before beginning any procedure using needles, plan for safe handling and proper disposal.
  3. Help your employer select and evaluate devices with safety features.
  4. Use devices with safety features.
  5. Report all needlestick and other sharps-related injuries.

What happens if someone else's blood gets in your cut?

The risk of an infection being passed on from someone else's blood is lower if the blood only comes into contact with your eyes, mouth, nose, or skin that's already broken. The infected saliva may also get into an existing cut, graze or scratch.

How long after exposure should I get tested for hepatitis B?

How long does it take for blood to test HBsAg-positive after exposure to HBV? HBsAg will be detected in an infected person's blood an average of 4 weeks (range: 1–9 weeks) after exposure to the virus.

Can you get hep B from needlestick?

Hepatitis B virus infection from occupational needle sticks has been documented in health care workers. The transmission risk is between 6 and 30%, depending on the absence or presence of HBV e antigen. If the health care worker is completely vaccinated, there is probably no risk.

Who is at risk of needlestick injury?

Some people, such as health care workers are at increased risk of needlestick injury, which occurs when the skin is accidentally punctured by a used needle. Blood-borne diseases that could be transmitted by such an injury include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV).

Should you squeeze a needle stick injury?

Do not squeeze or rub the injury site. If blood or blood products make contact with eyes, rinse the eyes gently but thoroughly (remove contact lenses), for at least 30 seconds, with water or normal saline.

What happens if I get poked by a needle?

Needle stick injuries can also happen at home or in the community if needles are not discarded properly. Used needles may have blood or body fluids that carry HIV, the hepatitis B virus (HBV), or the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The virus can spread to a person who gets pricked by a needle used on an infected person.