What are the basic operations of a computer?

Asked By: Ekaterine Arejula | Last Updated: 16th January, 2020
Category: technology and computing computer peripherals
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The basic operations performed by a computer are arithmetic operations, logical operations and storage and relative functions. Basically computer does 5 basic operations that are input, output, process,storing and controlling.

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Hereof, what are the four basic operations of a computer?

At a fundamental level, computers operate through these four functions: input, output, processing, and storage.

Also Know, what are different computer operations? There are five basic types of computer operations: Inputting, processing, outputting, storing, and controlling.

Also, what are the three basic operations of a computer?

5 Basic Operations of a Computer System

  • Inputting.
  • Processing.
  • Outputting.
  • Storing.
  • Controlling.

What is computer input operation?

Input: It is captures the data from user, or it is the process of accepting data or information, by using input the computer can do any process. Process: It is the process to convert the input into output. Output: It is the display or output of result from processing.

23 Related Question Answers Found

What are the four functions of CPU?

This function is separated into four functions or steps for every operation: fetch, decode, execute and store. Typically, the main parts of a CPU responsible for carrying out the operations are the arithmetical logical unit and the control unit.

What are the benefits of computer?

What are the advantages of using a computer?
  • Increase your productivity.
  • Connects you to the Internet.
  • Can store vast amounts of information and reduce waste.
  • Helps sort, organize, and search through information.
  • Get a better understanding of data.
  • Keeps you connected.
  • Can help you learn and keep you informed.
  • Can make you money.

What are the functions of CPU?

The central processing unit (CPU) of a computer is a piece of hardware that carries out the instructions of a computer program. It performs the basic arithmetical, logical, and input/output operations of a computer system.

What is computer hardware and its functions?

a) COMPUTER HARDWARE
Hardware refers to the physical, tangible computer equipment and devices, which provide support for major functions such as input, processing (internal storage, computation and control), output, secondary storage (for data and programs), and communication.

What is the meaning of CPU?


CPU (pronounced as separate letters) is the abbreviation for central processing unit. Sometimes referred to simply as the central processor, but more commonly called a processor, the CPU is the brains of the computer where most calculations take place.

What do you mean input?

Any information or data sent to a computer for processing is considered input. Input or user input is sent to a computer using an input device. The picture is an illustration of the difference between input and output. The input example (top) shows data being sent from a keyboard to a computer.

How do you describe a motherboard?

The motherboard is a printed circuit board and foundation of a computer that is the biggest board in a computer chassis. It allocates power and allows communication to and between the CPU, RAM, and all other computer hardware components.

What are the major components of a computer?

Five basic components of computer system
  • Input Unit.
  • Output Unit.
  • Storage Unit.
  • Central Processing Unit (CPU)
  • Arithmetic and Logic Unit (ALU)
  • Control Unit.

What are the characteristics of computer?

The characteristics of computers that have made them so powerful and universally useful are speed, accuracy, diligence, versatility and storage capacity. Let us discuss them briefly. Computers work at an incredible speed. A powerful computer is capable of performing about 3-4 million simple instructions per second.

What do you mean by booting?


Booting is a startup sequence that starts the operating system of a computer when it is turned on. A boot sequence is the initial set of operations that the computer performs when it is switched on.

What is Process OS?

In computing, a process is the instance of a computer program that is being executed by one or many threads. It contains the program code and its activity. Depending on the operating system (OS), a process may be made up of multiple threads of execution that execute instructions concurrently.

What is I O system?

In computing, input/output or I/O (or, informally, io or IO) is the communication between an information processing system , such as a computer, and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system.

What are the five operations performed by computer?

The basic operations performed by a computer are arithmetic operations, logical operations and storage and relative functions. Basically computer does 5 basic operations that are input, output, process,storing and controlling.

What is output in computer?

1. Any information that is processed by and sent out from a computer or other electronic device is considered output. An example of output is anything viewed on your computer monitor screen, such as the words you type on your keyboard.

Is CPU input or output?


The CPU is also known as the processor or microprocessor. The CPU is responsible for executing a sequence of stored instructions called a program . This program will take inputs from an input device, process the input in some way and output the results to an output device .

What is input example?

noun. The definition of input is something entered into a machine or other system, the act of entering data or other information, or input can also describe giving one's help, advice or thoughts. An example of input is the text you type into your computer. An example of input is when data is typed into the computer.

What is the function of input?

The function of an input device is to communicate information to a computer or other sort of information processing equipment. Input devices are types of peripheral devices that communicate with processing units. The most common forms of input device for personal computers are keyboards and mice.