What are the approaches to industrial relations?

Asked By: Szilvia Gullner | Last Updated: 13th May, 2020
Category: business and finance human resources
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The three popular approaches to industrial relations are the unitary approach, Pluralistic approach, and Marxist approach. These approaches to industrial relations at a primary level are analytical categorizations and not theories having predictive values.

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In this regard, what are the five approaches to the study of industrial relations theory?

Based on these orientations, several approaches have been developed to explain the dynamics of IR. These approaches are unitary approach, systems approach, pluralistic approach, Marxist approach, and strategic management approach. Understanding of these approaches is helpful in devising effective IR strategy.

Beside above, what is industrial approach? Approaches to Industrial Relations. Definition: The Industrial Relations or IR shows the relationship between the management and the workmen within the industry and the role of a regulatory body to resolve the industrial disputes.

In this regard, what is system approach in industrial relations?

The three elements of the system approach are input, process and output. According to Dunlop, the industrial relations system comprises certain actors, certain contexts, and an ideology, which binds them together and a body of rules created to govern the actors at the workplace and work community.

What is Unitarist approach?

The unitarist approach consists of all members sharing the same interest and being homogenous. Third parties are viewed as irrelevant as employees and employers have a mutual cooperation. Unitarism consist of management and staff members sharing a common goal, through their loyalty towards the organisation (Fox, 1966).

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What are the factors affecting industrial relations?

Factors Affecting Industrial Relations – Socio-Ethical and Cultural, Technological Advancement, Market Conditions, Economic Conditions, Political Parties and a Few Others. The term 'industrial relations' means the relationship between labour and management which arises through interactive processes.

What are the objectives of industrial relations?

In other words, the objectives of industrial relations are to facilitate production; to safeguard the rights and interests of both labour and management by enlisting the cooperation of both; to achieve a sound, harmonious and mutual beneficial relationship between employers and employees.

What is system approach?

system approach. A line of thought in the management field which stresses the interactive nature and interdependence of external and internal factors in an organization. A systems approach is commonly used to evaluate market elements which affect the profitability of a business. POPULAR TERMS.

Why is industrial relations important?

The most important benefit of industrial relations is that this ensures continuity of production. This means, continuous employment for all from manager to workers. The resources are fully utilised, resulting in the maximum possible production. There is uninterrupted flow of income for all.

Who are the parties involved in industrial relations?


? The four main parties who are actively associated with any industrial relations system are the workers, the managements, the organizations of workers and managements, and the State. ? But the scope of industrial relations cannot merely be confined to common labour-management relations or employer-employee relations.

What are the main theories of industrial relations?

The three main theories of industrial relations are the unitary, pluralist and Marxist perspectives.

What do you mean by industrial dispute?

According to Section 2 (k) of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, the term 'industrial dispute' means “any dispute or difference between employers and employers or between employers and workmen, or between workmen and workmen, which is connected with the employment or non- employment or the terms of employment and

What is human relation approach?

The Human Relations approach explains the informal relations among employers and employees and concerned with moral and psychological rather than legal aspects of an organization.

What is pluralist approach in industrial relations?

Pluralistic Approach to Industrial Relations
The pluralistic approach suggests that there is more than one source of power in the relationship between workers and business leaders. Unions are often a central component to the pluralistic approach that seeks a balance of power between leadership and employees.

WHO has developed the system approach of industrial relations?


In its most basic terms, the Dunlop Systems Theory in Industrial Relations is about the structure and development of relationships among the three integral members of labor relations (labor, management, government) and about resolving labor-management problems based upon agreement on a common set of facts that affect

What are substantive rules in industrial relations?

Substantive rules of this kind cover all aspects of the employment relationship, including the design and organization of work and the recruitment, development, reward, appraisal, and exit of employees.

What are the three approaches to industrial relations?

The three popular approaches to industrial relations are the unitary approach, Pluralistic approach, and Marxist approach. These approaches to industrial relations at a primary level are analytical categorizations and not theories having predictive values.

What is an example of pluralism?

Pluralism is defined as a society where multiple people, groups or entities share political power. An example of pluralism is a society where people with different cultural backgrounds keep their own tradition. An example of pluralism is where labor unions and employers share in meeting the needs of employees.

What is the pluralistic approach?

pluralistic. Anything pluralistic involves a diversity of different ideas or people. Similarly, pluralistic ideas are about embracing more than one group of people, ideas, or religions. A pluralistic approach to politics embraces many different philosophies, such as capitalism and socialism.

What is Unitarist and pluralist approach?


The two perspectives are unitarist and pluralist perspectives. The unitarist perspective holds that workplace conflicts are avoidable. According to unitarists, managers may avoid workplace conflicts by bringing all the stakeholders together and making sure that an organisation is managed from a single source of power.

What does Unitarist mean?

Unitarism. A managerialist stance which assumes that everyone in an organization is a member of a team with a common purpose. It embodies a central concern of HRM, that an organization's people, whether managers or lower-level employees, should share the same objectives and work together harmoniously.

What is Unitarism in industrial relations?

In unitarism, the organization is perceived as an integrated and harmonious whole with the idea of "one happy family" in which management and other members of the staff all share a common purpose by emphasizing mutual co-operation. Conflict is perceived as destructive and the result of poor management.