What are the accessory structures of the skin?

Asked By: Carina Schonpflug | Last Updated: 26th May, 2020
Category: medical health skin and dermatology
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Accessory structures of the skin include hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands. These structures embryologically originate from the epidermis and can extend down through the dermis into the hypodermis.

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Keeping this in consideration, what are the accessory organs of the skin?

The accessory organs of the skin include the hair, nails, sebaceous glands, and sweat glands.

  • Skin.
  • The skin is considered an organ and is composed of two layers of tissue: the outer epidermis, which is visible to the naked eye, and the inner layer, the dermis.

Likewise, what do accessory structures do? An accessory structure is a structure which is on the same parcel of property as a principal structure and the use of which is incidental to the use of the principal structure. Other examples of accessory structures include gazebos, picnic pavilions, boathouses, small pole barns, storage sheds, and similar buildings.

Also, what are the accessory structures of the integument and what are their functions?

Key points

  • Accessory structures of the skin include the hair, nails, sweat and sebaceous glands.
  • Hair's primary functions are protection, warmth and sensory reception.
  • Nails protect the tips of the fingers and toes.
  • The two main types of sweat gland –eccrine and apocrine – are responsible for regulating body temperature.

What are the 4 main structures of the integumentary system?

The integumentary system consists of the skin, hair, nails, glands, and nerves.

37 Related Question Answers Found

What role do accessory organs play in the skin?

Accessory organs, such as the sweat glands and sebaceous glands, play specific jobs in the skin. Sweat glands produce sweat to cool the body down as well as wash away dirt and debris that can try to move into skin. Melanin helps to absorb the UV light and protect your skin from it.

What are the different accessory organs?

Accessory digestive organ: An organ that helps with digestion but is not part of the digestive tract. The accessory digestive organs are the tongue, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder.

What are the layers of skin called?

Skin has three layers: The epidermis, the outermost layer of skin, provides a waterproof barrier and creates our skin tone. The dermis, beneath the epidermis, contains tough connective tissue, hair follicles, and sweat glands. The deeper subcutaneous tissue (hypodermis) is made of fat and connective tissue.

How do the skins accessory structures change over time?

How do the skin's accessory structures change over time? Over time less sebum is produced (drying of skin and hair), hair growth slows and whitens, nails harden, sensitivity to pain and pressure diminishes, and the ability to control body temperature falters.

What are the functions of the skin?

The skin consists of two layers: the epidermis and the dermis. Beneath the dermis lies the hypodermis or subcutaneous fatty tissue. The skin has three main functions: protection, regulation and sensation. Wounding affects all the functions of the skin.

What are the three accessory organs and their functions?

Chemical digestion in the small intestine relies on the activities of three accessory digestive organs: the liver, pancreas, and gallbladder (Figure 1). The digestive role of the liver is to produce bile and export it to the duodenum. The gallbladder primarily stores, concentrates, and releases bile.

What is the most superficial layer of skin?

Lying underneath the epidermis—the most superficial layer of our skin—is the dermis (sometimes called the corium). The dermis is a tough layer of skin. It is the layer of skin you touch when buying any leather goods.

What is hair composed of?

Hair is made of a tough protein called keratin. A hair follicle anchors each hair into the skin. The hair bulb forms the base of the hair follicle. In the hair bulb, living cells divide and grow to build the hair shaft.

What do dead Keratinized cells form?

Hair is a keratinous filament growing out of the epidermis. It is primarily made of dead, keratinized cells. The hair root ends deep in the dermis at the hair bulb, and includes a layer of mitotically active basal cells called the hair matrix.

Which layer contains the most accessory organs?

The most superficial layer of the skin is the epidermis which is attached to the deeper dermis. Accessory structures, hair, glands, and nails, are found associated with the skin. The deeper layer of skin is well vascularized (has numerous blood vessels) and is superficial to the hypodermics.

What is Keratinization and where does it occur?

Keratinization refers to the cytoplasmic events that occur in the cytoplasm of epidermal keratinocytes during their terminal differentiation. It involves the formation of keratin polypeptides and their polymerization into keratin intermediate filaments (tonofilaments).

What are the two main glands in the skin and what are their functions?

Sweat glands are located deep within the skin and primarily regulate temperature. The two main types of sweat glands are eccrine sweat glands and apocrine sweat glands. Eccrine sweat glands are smaller sweat glands. They are coiled tubular glands that discharge their secretions directly onto the surface of the skin.

What are the two appendages of the skin?

Skin Appendages. Skin appendages include hair, nails, and sweat and mammary glands. These structures are derived from both an epidermal component and a dermal component.

How does skin regulate temperature?

Your skin regulates your body temperature through blood vessels and through the process of sweating. The skin is in effect your body's thermostat. When you're out in cold weather, your skin triggers shivering so the blood vessels will contract and keep you as warm as possible.

What are the six functions of the integumentary system?

The skin performs six primary functions which include, protection, absorption, excretion, secretion, regulation and sensation. The skin functions as our first line of defense against toxins, radiation and harmful pollutants.

What is skin oil?

Sebum is a light yellow, oily substance that is secreted by the sebaceous glands that help keep the skin and hair moisturized. Sebum is made up of triglycerides, free fatty acids, wax esters, squalene, cholesterol esters, and cholesterol. 1?? The oil on the surface of the skin isn't just made up of sebum, however.