What are rate sensitive assets and liabilities?

Asked By: Ingeburg Kustner | Last Updated: 20th January, 2020
Category: business and finance interest rates
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Rate sensitive assets are bank assets, mainly bonds, loans and leases, and the value of these assets is sensitive to changes in interest rates; these assets are either repriced or revalued as interest rates change.

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Considering this, what are rate sensitive liabilities?

Rate sensitive liabilities are bank liabilities, mainly interest-bearing deposits and other liabilities, and the value of these liabilities is sensitive to changes in interest rates; these liabilities are either repriced or revalued as interest rates change.

One may also ask, how do I reduce asset sensitivity? Some general rules for making a bank less asset sensitive or more liability sensitive are:?Make some assets less sensitive:?Buy fixed rate securities instead of keeping the money in Fed Funds sold;?Add fixed rate loans instead of floating;?Swap floating rate loans for fixed.

Moreover, what is RSA and RSL?

Rate Sensitive Assets (RSA) = Rate Sensitive Liabilities (RSL) The most familiar example of re-pricing assets is loans that are about to mature or are coming up for renewal.

When rate sensitive assets exceed rate sensitive liabilities?

A negative gap, or a ratio less than one, occurs when a bank's interest rate sensitive liabilities exceed its interest rate sensitive assets. A positive gap, or one greater than one, is the opposite, where a bank's interest rate sensitive assets exceed its interest rate sensitive liabilities.

36 Related Question Answers Found

What makes a bank asset sensitive?

Asset sensitivity refers to a balance sheet structure where there is an asset liability mismatch and the assets re-price or reset faster than liabilities. This means that interest rates on liabilities are locked down for longer periods of time when compared to assets.

What are risk sensitive assets?

Rate sensitive assets are bank assets, mainly bonds, loans and leases, and the value of these assets is sensitive to changes in interest rates; these assets are either repriced or revalued as interest rates change.

What is interest rate sensitivity?

Interest rate sensitivity is a measure of how much the price of a fixed-income asset will fluctuate as a result of changes in the interest rate environment. Securities that are more sensitive have greater price fluctuations than those with less sensitivity.

What is positive gap?

Dictionary of Banking Terms for: positive gap. positive gap. maturity or repricing mismatch in a bank's assets and liabilities where there are more assets maturing or repricing in a given period than liabilities. A bank with a positive gap is asset sensitive. The opposite is negative gap.

What bonds are most sensitive to interest rate movements?


Bonds issued by the US government generally have low credit risk. However, Treasury bonds (as well as other types of fixed income investments) are sensitive to interest rate risk, which refers to the possibility that a rise in interest rates will cause the value of the bonds to decline.

How does interest rate affect liabilities?

Liabilities. The higher the interest rates, the more a borrower will owe. Consequently, rising rates will result in greater liabilities on the balance sheet; the net loan obligation reflected on a company's balance sheet includes the original sum borrowed as well as accrued and as yet unpaid interest expense.

What is repricing gap?

The repricing gap is a measure of the difference between the dollar value of assets that will reprice and the dollar value of liabilities that will reprice within a specific time period, where reprice means the potential to receive a new interest rate.

What is a loan repricing?

If rates go down prior to your loan closing and you want to take advantage of a lower rate, you may be able to pay a fee and relock at the lower interest rate. This is called "repricing" your loan.

What does RSA stand for?

The name RSA refers to the public-key encryption technology developed by RSA Data Security, Inc., which was founded in 1982. The abbreviation stands for Rivest, Shamir, and Adleman, the inventors of the technique.

What is RSA in banking?


RSA. An electronic encryption system used in banking operations. Proposed by Ron Rivest, Adi Shamir, and Leonard Adleman in 1977.

How is DGAP calculated?

Terms in this set (14)
  1. Duration GAP (DGAP) It is a more complete, albeit more complex, way to measure interest rate risk.
  2. DGAP approach. Start with duration of each asset and each liability.
  3. DGAP formula. DGAP = average D(assets) - average D(liabilities)
  4. Adjusted DGAP.
  5. Change in the value of net worth:
  6. Δprofits.
  7. ΔROA.
  8. ΔROE.

What is gap risk?

Gap risk is the risk that a stock's price will fall dramatically from one trade to the next. Usually, such movements occur when there are adverse news announcements made about the company, which can cause a stock price to drop substantially from the previous day's closing price.

What is ALM in banking?

Asset Liability Management (ALM) can be defined as a mechanism to address the risk faced by a bank due to a mismatch between assets and liabilities either due to liquidity or changes in interest rates. Liquidity is an institution's ability to meet its liabilities either by borrowing or converting assets.

What does a positive duration gap mean?

Example: The duration gap tells how cash flows for assets and liabilities are matched. A positive duration gap is when the duration of assets exceeds the duration of liabilities (which means greater exposure to rising interest rates). If rates go up by 1% the price of assets fall more than the price of liabilities.

What is Gap Report?


Gap reports are commonly used to assess and manage interest rate risk exposure-specifically, a banks repricing and maturity imbalances. Gap reports stratify all of a bank's assets, liabilities and off-balance sheet instruments into maturity segments (time bands) based on the instruments next repricing or maturity date.

What is duration gap analysis?

An alternative method for measuring interest-rate risk, called duration gap analysis, examines the sensitivity of the market value of the financial institution's net worth to. changes in interest rates.

What is income gap analysis?

Gap analysis is the process companies use to examine their current performance with their desired, expected performance. Gap analysis is the means by which a company can recognize its current state—by measuring time, money, and labor—and compare it to its target state.