What are common factors in psychotherapy?

Asked By: Cristinela Geyer | Last Updated: 26th May, 2020
Category: medical health mental health
4.3/5 (71 Views . 44 Votes)
The common factors include the therapeutic alliance, empathy, goal consensus and collaboration, positive regard and affirmation, mastery, congruence/genuineness, and mentalization.

Click to see full answer


Thereof, what are the common factors that contribute to successful outcomes and psychotherapy?

To understand the evidence supporting them as important therapeutic elements, the contextual model of psychotherapy is outlined. Then the evidence, primarily from meta-analyses, is presented for particular common factors, including alliance, empathy, expectations, cultural adaptation, and therapist differences.

Also, what are nonspecific factors in psychotherapy? Nonspecific factors refer to possible elements in one therapy that contribute to improvement but which are not specified in the theoretical or practical delineation of the therapy. Cognitive therapy for depression is posited to be a suitable vehicle for examining specific and nonspecific factors in psychotherapy.

Keeping this in consideration, what is the common factor model?

The common factor model represents the view that covariation among a set of observed variables reflects the influence of one or more common factors (i.e., shared latent causes), as well as unexplained variable-specific variance. Common variance reflects the shared influence of underlying factors on an indicator.

What are common factors in social work?

Common factors also include attributes of the practitioner and client, the support system of the client, the institutional and organizational conditions in which the practitioner practices, and also the strategic actions employed by the practitioner, client, and all those involved in the work that promote change.

14 Related Question Answers Found

What are the elements of psychotherapy?

The Five Elements in Therapy – A psychoenergetic Approach to Psychotherapy and Music Therapy. Metaphors such as the five elements earth, water, fire, air and space give us the means to integrate deeper and hidden aspects.

What contributes the most to therapy outcomes?

The goal of this study was to expand the understanding of not only the therapeutic alliance, but also how other contributing factors such as empathy, experience of the therapist, therapeutic modality, client's level of motivation, personality, and symptomology increase positive therapeutic outcomes.

What are common factors?

Common Factor. more "Factors" are numbers we can multiply together to get another number. When we find the factors of two or more numbers, and then find some factors are the same ("common"), then they are the "common factors". Example: 12 and 16.

What is a critical factor in determining the success of psychotherapy?

Psychotherapy can help reduce a person's anxiety, depression, and maladaptive behaviors. Regardless of which type of psychotherapy an individual chooses, one critical factor that determines the success of treatment is the person's relationship with the psychologist or therapist.

What do we learn from the common factors research?


Common factors theory. Common factors theory, a theory guiding some research in clinical psychology and counseling psychology, proposes that different approaches and evidence-based practices in psychotherapy and counseling share common factors that account for much of the effectiveness of a psychological treatment.

How do you build a therapeutic relationship with a client?

Some strategies that may help include:
  1. Help the client feel more welcome.
  2. Know that relationships take time.
  3. Never judge the client.
  4. Manage your own emotions.
  5. Talk about what the client wants from therapy.
  6. Ask more or different questions.
  7. Don't make the client feel rejected.
  8. Refer to another therapist.

Which therapy seems to be most effective for treating phobias?

The most effective treatment for phobias lies not in medication, but in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). CBT has a very high success rate in treating phobias, with upwards of 90% of people who receive CBT achieving full remission after only ten sessions of treatment.

Which therapy seems to be the most effective treatment for schizophrenia?

The authors note that the most common treatment for patients with schizophrenia is a combination of prescription antipsychotic medications and some form of individual psychotherapy.

What are Extratherapeutic factors?

Extra-therapeutic factors are understood to include those elements that the client brings with them to therapy, including knowledge base, life experiences, strengths and abilities, and readiness to change.

What is unique variance?


Unique variance: The proportion of a variable's variance that is not shared with a factor structure. Unique variance is composed of specific and error variance.