Is pre employment testing permissible under the ADA?

Asked By: Taisa Leone | Last Updated: 26th February, 2020
Category: family and relationships special needs kids
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According to ADA regulations, it isn't legal to subject candidates to any kind of medical exam pre-hire as a condition of employment. Because the test is clinical in nature, it should never be used as an employee selection device by a typical employer.

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Regarding this, what is a medical exam under the ADA?

A "medical examination" is a procedure or test usually given by a health care professional or in a medical setting that seeks information about an individual's physical or mental impairments or health.

Furthermore, what section of the American Disabilities Act covers medical examinations for disabled employees? INTRODUCTION. Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (the "ADA")(1) limits an employer's ability to make disability-related inquiries or require medical examinations at three stages: pre-offer, post-offer, and during employment.

Similarly, you may ask, what is considered a disability when applying for a job?

The ADA defines an individual with a disability as a person who: (1) has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a major life activity, (2) has a record or history of a substantially limiting impairment, or (3) is regarded or perceived by an employer as having a substantially limiting impairment.

What limitations does the ADA impose on medical examinations and inquiries about disability?

An employer may not ask or require a job applicant to take a medical examination before making a job offer. It cannot make any pre-offer inquiry about a disability or the nature or severity of a disability.

29 Related Question Answers Found

What do I have to tell my employer about my illness?

A: No. The employee is not required to disclose the nature of the employee's medical condition or disability (i.e., their diagnosis). The employee is required only to provide reasonable medical documentation which describes the employee's physical or mental limitations, which may prevent them from doing their work.

Can employers require medical examinations?

It depends. An employer cannot require you to take a medical examination before offering you a job. Following a job offer, an employer can condition the offer of employment on your passing a required medical examination, but only if it requires all employees in that job to take the same examination.

Can a job ask for medical records?

An employer may ask a job applicant whether they can perform the job and how they would perform the job. The law also requires that the employers keep all medical records and information confidential and in separate medical files.

When can an employer require a fitness for duty?

However, an employer is entitled to a certification of fitness to return to duty for such absences up to once every 30 days if reasonable safety concerns exist regarding the employee's ability to perform his or her duties, based on the serious health condition for which the employee took such leave.

When can an employer request a fitness for duty?


Under these guidelines, an employer could require a fitness for duty examination when it has first-hand knowledge of an employee's medical condition, has observed concerning behaviors that relate to performance of the employee's job duties, and can rationally and reasonably attribute those concerns to the medical

Is it hard for a disabled person to get a job?

For people with disabilities, finding a job is hard and finding a full-time job is harder. However, in many cases, particularly for people with physical disabilities, their cost for health care exceeds what they could earn at a job.

Should I self identify disability on a job application?

Under the ADA, an employer generally may not require an applicant to disclose information about a disability or medical impairment prior to making an offer of employment. Covered employers are not permitted to ask non-voluntary disability-related questions on a job application or during the hiring process.

Should you mention a disability in an interview?

“If the answer is yes and the disability doesn't affect job performance, then don't mention it.” The top three reasons you should avoid disclosing a disability are: Fewer interview invitations: "Not securing an interview is one of the major potential pitfalls of revealing a disability on a resume," Klare says.

Can you lie about your ethnicity on a job application?

On most job applications, it's up to the applicant's discretion whether to answer a race question at all. “Accordingly, if an employer accuses an employee about lying, and the accusation is wrong, the employer could face a discrimination lawsuit or hostile work environment claim.”

What automatically qualifies you for disability?


For adults, medical conditions that automatically qualify you for social security disability compensation include: Mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, autism, or intellectual disability. Immune system disorders, such as HIV/AIDS, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and kidney disease.

Why do I never hear back from job applications?

Another reason job seekers don't hear anything back is because they weren't actually formally rejected. Depending on the hiring manager and the applicant tracking system (ATS), your resume can end up in application limbo.

Do you have to declare mental illness on job applications?

The 2010 Equality Act helps protect job applicants against discrimination, by disallowing questions about a candidate's health or sickness record before offering a job. This legislation means that you're not required to disclose information about your mental health at application (or interview) stage.

Do you have to declare depression when applying for a job?

No, an employee or job candidate is not legally obliged to mention any medical condition, whether mental or not to an employer. Mental illness in particular is a very personal thing and it can be difficult to talk about even to your nearest and dearest, let alone an employer.

What is considered a disability?

What is the definition of disability under the ADA? The ADA defines a person with a disability as a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activity. This includes people who have a record of such an impairment, even if they do not currently have a disability.

Are health care applicants or employees who are alcoholics or who engage in illegal drug use considered to have a disability under the ADA?


An individual with alcohol use disorder is a person with a disability and is protected by the ADA if he or she is qualified to perform the essential functions of the job. An employer also may prohibit the use of alcohol in the workplace and can require that employees not be under the influence of alcohol.

Can I be a nurse with a disability?

Most of them welcome nurses with disabilities because it is your nursing knowledge, experience and assessment skills they are interested in. Many insurance companies also have opportunities for nurses that are either home-based or located in their offices.

Is osteoarthritis a disability under ADA?

If you have been diagnosed with osteoarthritis and it has impacted your ability to work, you may qualify for Social Security Disability benefits. Osteoarthritis results in the gradual loss of cartilage from your joints. It is also known as a degenerative joint disease because the condition can worsen.