Is childhood fixed universal?
Regarding this, is childhood a universal concept?
Childhood is neither universal nor natural rather it is tied close to social circumstances and cultural process. Though the child and childhood is deemed differently from time to time and context to context, however one thing is common in its all diversity. And that is: children are viewed differently from adults.
Additionally, is childhood a social construct? Childhood is often described as a social construct because it is not given the same meaning across cultures and time, but is specific to each society. Differences in the concept of 'childhood' across time and culture demonstrate that it is a 'social construct' determined by the society in which a child lives.
In this way, is childhood a biological or a cultural concept?
Childhood is generally considered to be either a natural biological stage of development or a modern idea or invention. Theories of childhood are concerned with what a child is, the nature of childhood, the purpose or function of childhood, and how the notion of the child or childhood is used in society.
What is the modern notion of childhood?
Childhood has not been defined and experienced in the same ways in all societies at all times. The modern Western conception of childhood is historically and culturally specific. Philippe Ariès (1962) was one of the first to suggest that childhood is a modern discovery.