How was Eastern Europe impacted by the Cold War?

Asked By: Baya Garrochena | Last Updated: 12th February, 2020
Category: news and politics war and conflicts
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Transitions of Eastern Europe after the Cold War. Eastern Europe fell under the influence of the Soviet Union, and the region was separated from the West. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, all the Soviet Republics bordering Eastern Europe declared independence from Russia and united with the rest of Europe.

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In this regard, how was Eastern Europe affected by the cold war?

Stalin led the USSR to victory over Nazi Germany and oversaw the establishment of hardline communist regimes in postwar Central and Eastern Europe. The Soviet Union dominated Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War. It was dissolved af- ter the communist regimes collapsed at the end of the Cold War.

Likewise, how did Eastern and Western Europe differ during the Cold War? During the Cold War, the Europe was split up into two, Western Europe and West Berlin, supported by United States, Great Britain, and France, and Eastern Europe controlled by Soviet Union. However, in Eastern Europe, the government is only communism in the satellite states, controlled by Soviet Union.

Subsequently, one may also ask, how did the Cold War affect European countries?

The period of the Cold War transformed the European continent between the late 40's to the early 90's. However the Marshall plan demonstrated the first real divide in Europe as the Soviet Union forbade nations in it sphere of influence to accept marshal aid.

How was the Warsaw Pact related to the Cold War?

It was the Communist counteraction to NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization). The Warsaw Pact came to be seen as quite a potential militaristic threat, as a sign of Communist dominance, and a definite opponent to American capitalism. The signing of the pact became a symbol of Soviet dominance in Eastern Europe.

39 Related Question Answers Found

What happened in Eastern Europe after ww2?

Germany had occupied much of Europe during World War II. However, Germany was divided up into Eastern and Western Germany. The Eastern part was controlled by the USSR (Russia) and the Western part by the Allies. The USSR also took control of many of the countries in Eastern Europe where they had fought the Germans.

What was the Iron Curtain in the Cold War?

The Iron Curtain formed the imaginary boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991. The term symbolized efforts by the Soviet Union to block itself and its satellite states from open contact with the West and non-Soviet-controlled areas.

What officially ended the Cold War?

1947 – 1991

What did the USSR intend to do in Eastern Europe?

Why did the USSR want to control Eastern Europe? To protect Soviet borders and balance the US influence in Western Europe. Why did the USSR want Germany to remain divided? To prevent its waging war again.

Why was the Warsaw Pact important to the Cold War?

Just one week later, on May 14, 1955, the Warsaw Pact was established as a mutual military defense complement of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance. The Soviet Union hoped the Warsaw Pact would help it contain West Germany and allow it to negotiate with NATO on a level playing field of power.

How did Russia take over Eastern Europe?

Stalin was planning the takeover of Eastern Europe. During the war, Communists from the occupied countries of Eastern Europe escaped to Moscow and set up Communist governments in exile there. In 1947, Stalin set up Comintern - an alliance of Communist countries designed to make sure they obeyed Soviet rule.

How did East Germany become communist?

East Germany was a satellite state of the Soviet Union. Soviet occupation authorities began transferring administrative responsibility to German communist leaders in 1948, and the GDR began to function as a state on 7 October 1949. However, Soviet forces remained in the country throughout the Cold War.

Why is Eastern Europe considered a cultural crossroads?

Eastern Europe is a cultural crossroads, or a place where various cultures cross paths. Since ancient times, people moving between Europe and Asia—traders, nomads, migrants, and armies—have passed through this region. Because the region is an important crossroads, many world powers have tried to control it.

How did the Cold War affect Germany?

When the blockade was affecting the Germans, the Western allies organized the Berlin airlift to carry supplies. Soviet Union wanted to stop this flow of humans and constructed the Berlin wall in 1961. The control and restrictions on the East Germans through Stasi was a Soviet phenomenon. It was due to the Cold war.

Why was it called the cold war?

The Cold War began after World War Two. The main enemies were the United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War got its name because both sides were afraid of fighting each other directly. In a "hot war," nuclear weapons might destroy everything.

Why is the Cold War important?

The Cold War was the most important political issue of the early postwar period. It grew out of longstanding disagreements between the Soviet Union and the United States. The United States hoped to share with other countries its conception of liberty, equality and democracy.

How did the Cold War affect American life?

The Cold War shaped American foreign policy and political ideology, impacted the domestic economy and the presidency, and affected the personal lives of Americans creating a climate of expected conformity and normalcy. By the end of the 1950's, dissent slowly increased reaching a climax by the late 1960's.

How many people died in the Cold War?

More than 36,000 Americans died in that war, not to mention hundreds of thousands of Chinese and Koreans. But there were also smaller numbers of people killed in lesser encounters during the Cold War.

How the Cold War changed the world?

For example, the USSR established the "iron curtain" to control most of Central and Eastern Europe. Additionally, American fear of the spread of communism led to a number of proxy wars. The Cold War also spread the worldwide fear of nuclear war, which heavily influenced international diplomacy and affairs.

How did the Cold War affect Asia?

Asia was drastically affected by the cold war. The Korean war divided Korea at the 38th parallel,making it into North and South Korea. Another big player in the cold war in Asia was Vietnam and the fight against communism that killed 58,000 American soldiers, and an unnamed amount of Vietnamese soldiers.

What came after the Cold War?

The confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union defined the Cold War period. The collapse of Europe framed that confrontation. After World War II, the Soviet and American armies occupied Europe. Many shifts in the international system accompanied the end of the Cold War.

What countries were involved in the Cold War?

Cold War. The Cold War was the tense relationship between the United States (and its allies), and the Soviet Union (the USSR and its allies) between the end of World War II and the fall of the Soviet Union. It is called the "Cold" War because the US and the USSR never actually fought each other directly.