How might building a new highway affect the cycles of matter?

Asked By: Asa Rotaru | Last Updated: 28th February, 2020
Category: science chemistry
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How might building a new highway affect the cycles of matter? When a new highway is being built, trees and other plants are cleared. The removal of plants limits the food, energy, and habitats available to other organisms, like animals. The removal of plants and animals stops nutrients from being recycled.

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Consequently, does matter move through an ecosystem in cycles?

Any nonliving matter that living things need is called a nutrient. Carbon and nitrogen are examples of nutrients. Unlike energy, matter is recycled in ecosystems. Decomposers release nutrients when they break down dead organisms.

Secondly, why do you think it is important that matter is cycled through an ecosystem? Organisms in biological ecosystems connect to one another through their need for matter as well as energy. Consequently, ecologists say that matter cycles through ecosystems. Scientists track the recycling of atoms through cycles called biogeochemical cycles.

In this regard, what is atmospheric nitrogen fixation and how does it affect organisms?

Atmospheric nitrogen fixation is the process in which lightning converts nitrogen gas in the atmosphere into usable compounds. It makes nitrogen available to organisms.

What do human processes mainly contribute to?

Human processes mainly contribute to the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. What is nitrogen? Nitrogen in the form of ammonia, nitrate, and nitrite is found in the soil.

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What are the most important cycles?

The most well-known and important biogeochemical cycles are shown below:
  • Carbon cycle.
  • Nitrogen cycle.
  • Nutrient cycle.
  • Oxygen cycle.
  • Phosphorus cycle.
  • Sulfur cycle.
  • Rock cycle.
  • Water cycle.

Does Matter decrease over time?

The total amount of matter decreases over time.

How do humans affect the nitrogen cycle?

Scientists have determined that humans are disrupting the nitrogen cycle by altering the amount of nitrogen that is stored in the biosphere. The chief culprit is fossil fuel combustion, which releases nitric oxides into the air that combine with other elements to form smog and acid rain.

What is the matter cycle?

Lesson Summary
Matter cycling is where matter moves from one form to another or from one place to another on the earth, and inside its ecosystems. Matter is constantly cycling from place to place, and this can have positive or negative effects. Matter also cycles naturally, and due to human activity.

What are two aspects of a niche?


A niche refers to the role of a species in its ecosystem. It includes all the ways that the species interacts with the biotic and abiotic factors of the environment. Two important aspects of a species' niche are the food it eats and how the food is obtained.

How does energy move in an ecosystem?

Energy moves life. The cycle of energy is based on the flow of energy through different trophic levels in an ecosystem. Our ecosystem is maintained by the cycling energy and nutrients obtained from different external sources. The herbivores at the second trophic level, use the plants as food which gives them energy.

What does matter move through?

Matter refers to all of the living and nonliving things in that environment. Nutrients and living matter are passed from producers to consumers, then broken down by decomposers. Decomposers break down dead plant and animal matter.

What happens to energy in an ecosystem?

The chemical energy storied as nutrients in the bodies and wastes of organisms flows through ecosystems from one trophic level to the next and through this flow energy also is lost as heat. And the chemical energy avaliable to the succeeding feeding level decreases. Creates a continuous flow of energy.

What are the 7 steps of the nitrogen cycle?

The nitrogen cycle contains several stages:
  • Nitrogen fixation. Atmospheric nitrogen occurs primarily in an inert form (N2) that few organisms can use; therefore it must be converted to an organic – or fixed – form in a process called nitrogen fixation.
  • Nitrification.
  • Assimilation.
  • Ammonification.
  • Denitrification.

What are the two types of nitrogen fixation?


The two types of nitrogen fixation are: (1) Physical Nitrogen Fixation and (2) Biological Nitrogen Fixation. Apart from carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, nitrogen is the most prevalent essential macro-element in living organisms.

What is the role of bacteria in the nitrogen cycle?

Role of organisms in the nitrogen cycle:
Bacteria play a central role: Nitrogen-fixing bacteria, which convert atmospheric nitrogen to nitrates. Bacteria of decay, which convert decaying nitrogen waste to ammonia. Nitrifying bacteria, which convert ammonia to nitrates/nitrites.

What is the function of the nitrogen cycle?

The nitrogen cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which nitrogen is converted into multiple chemical forms as it circulates among atmosphere, terrestrial, and marine ecosystems. The conversion of nitrogen can be carried out through both biological and physical processes.

Why is the nitrogen cycle important?

The nitrogen cycle. Nitrogen is a crucially important component for all life. It is an important part of many cells and processes such as amino acids, proteins and even our DNA. It is also needed to make chlorophyll in plants, which is used in photosynthesis to make their food.

What are the 5 stages of the nitrogen cycle?

In general, the nitrogen cycle has five steps:
  • Nitrogen fixation (N2 to NH3/ NH4+ or NO3-)
  • Nitrification (NH3 to NO3-)
  • Assimilation (Incorporation of NH3 and NO3- into biological tissues)
  • Ammonification (organic nitrogen compounds to NH3)
  • Denitrification(NO3- to N2)

How do humans add nitrogen to the atmosphere?


Humans are overloading ecosystems with nitrogen through the burning of fossil fuels and an increase in nitrogen-producing industrial and agricultural activities, according to a new study. While nitrogen is an element that is essential to life, it is an environmental scourge at high levels.

How does nitrogen get into plants?

Plants take nitrogen from the soil by absorption through their roots as amino acids, nitrate ions, nitrite ions, or ammonium ions. Plants do not get their nitrogen directly from the air. Plants get the nitrogen that they need from the soil, where it has already been fixed by bacteria and archaea.

What matter is part of the ecosystem?

An ecosystem is a community of living organisms who interact with each other and their physical, non-living environment. It includes plants, animals, water, soil, the atmosphere, and even rotting matter. All of these things are tied together in constant flows of matter and energy.