How many types of periodontal disease are there?

Asked By: Ida Palacios | Last Updated: 12th April, 2020
Category: medical health dental health
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The Six Types
If your gums are red, swollen, bleed easily, or sore, you may have gingivitis, the mildest form of periodontal disease. Usually caused by a lack of oral hygiene, gingivitis is gum disease at its reversible stage.

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Also asked, how many types of gum disease are there?

There are two types of diseases that can affect the gums: gingivitis and periodontitis. Together, gingivitis and periodontitis are referred to as gum disease or periodontal disease.

Similarly, what is the name of the bacteria that causes periodontal disease? The bacteria associated with periodontal diseases are predominantly gram-negative anaerobic bacteria and may include A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. gingivalis, P. intermedia, B.

Herein, what are the stages of periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is broken up into four separate stages: gingivitis, slight periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease. Gingivitis is the only stage of periodontal disease that is reversible as it has not yet had time to attack the bones.

How do you determine severity of periodontal disease?

Severity is based on the amount of clinical attachment loss (CAL) and is designated as slight (1-2 mm CAL), moderate (3-4 mm CAL) or severe (> 5 mm CAL). Refractory periodontitis refers to continued attachment loss in spite of adequate treatment and proper oral hygiene.

39 Related Question Answers Found

Why are my teeth yellow at the gum line?

Bad oral hygiene
Plaque forms when bacteria from food and drink particles aren't cleaned properly from your teeth. Over time, plaque hardens to form tartar, which can only be removed by a dentist or hygienist. This yellow coating can form on or around your teeth if you don't brush often enough or thoroughly enough.

Will I lose my teeth if I have periodontal disease?

In the more advanced stages of gum disease, called periodontitis, the gums and bone that support the teeth become seriously damaged. If the disease is left untreated, it can eventually lead to loss of teeth.

Why are my teeth turning black at the gum line?

Tartar is a hard deposit of plaque that can build up on the teeth and usually appears below the gum line. Some forms of tartar are black. Tobacco. Smoking or chewing tobacco can significantly stain the teeth.

Can gums reattach to teeth?

In a healthy mouth, the teeth are firmly surrounded by gum tissue and securely supported by the bones of the jaw. Now that the tooth and root are free of bacteria, plaque, and tartar, and the pockets have been reduced, the gums can reattach to the teeth.

How do you explain periodontal disease to patients?


In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen and red due to inflammation, which is the body's natural response to the presence of harmful bacteria. In the more serious form of periodontal disease called periodontitis, the gums pull away from the tooth and supporting gum tissues are destroyed.

Can gum recession cancer?

New research has confirmed that periodontal disease is tied to an elevated risk of several types of cancer, such as esophageal cancer, breast cancer, and gallbladder cancer, especially in mature women.

How do you fix periodontal disease?

Surgical treatments
  1. Flap surgery (pocket reduction surgery). Your periodontist makes tiny incisions in your gum so that a section of gum tissue can be lifted back, exposing the roots for more effective scaling and root planing.
  2. Soft tissue grafts.
  3. Bone grafting.
  4. Guided tissue regeneration.
  5. Tissue-stimulating proteins.

Why is there a piece of my gum hanging?

Your wisdom teeth break through your gums only partway because of a lack of space. This can cause a flap of gum tissue to grow over them. The flap can trap food and lead to a gum infection. They come in crooked or facing the wrong direction.

What toothpaste is best for periodontal disease?

Toothpaste: Toothpaste like Crest Gum Detoxify Deep Clean can play a key role in at-home treatment of gingivitis, an early form of periodontal disease, by preventing issues before they start. Crest Gum Detoxify can neutralize the bacteria found in plaque that builds up around the gum line.

How long does periodontitis take to heal?


You can expect to see improvements after a few days of treatment, but it may take a while for symptoms to go away completely. In most cases, gingivitis usually clears up within 10 to 14 days. If your gingivitis is more serious, it could take longer to treat.

How long does it take to get periodontal disease?

Some people have severe gingivitis for many years without developing periodontitis. Others may develop periodontitis, especially at early ages (20 to 30 years old), without first having significant gingivitis.

How much does it cost to fix periodontal disease?

Gum disease treatment costs may be as little as $500, or as much as $10,000, depending on the severity of the disease. The cost for a regular dental prophylaxis averages between $30 and $75, while the average cost for periodontal scaling and root planing is between $140 and $210.

Can you treat periodontal disease at home?

There has been evidence to suggest the effectiveness of the following over-the-counter and natural treatments for gum disease: Green tea has antioxidants that reduce inflammation in the body. Hydrogen peroxide helps kill bacteria when used as a mouthwash or as a gel in a custom fitted tray, but it cannot be swallowed.

Can antibiotics cure periodontal disease?

Antibiotics are designed to kill bacteria, preserve gum tissue and prevent tooth loss. If left untreated, it can cause tissue loss as well as tooth loss. However, like many types of infection, periodontal disease can be effectively treated with antibiotics.

Can periodontal disease make you sick?


Gum disease may increase your risk of getting respiratory infections, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and pneumonia, according to the Journal of Periodontology. The infections might be caused when bacteria from the mouth are inhaled into your lungs, possibly causing your airways to become inflamed.

How do you prevent periodontitis from getting worse?

If the infected pockets are not treated, the gum disease can get worse. How Can I Prevent Periodontal Disease? Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste. Floss or use another between-the-tooth cleaner daily to remove plaque and bits of food from areas your toothbrush can't reach.

Can you reverse periodontitis?

The key thing to reversing gum disease is removing the tartar that's present on both the root of your teeth and under your gum line. Periodontitis can't be reversed, only slowed down, while gingivitis can be reversed.