How many steps require a handrail IBC?

Asked By: Hamed Abulhanov | Last Updated: 16th January, 2020
Category: sports skateboarding
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On a stair, since handrail must be between 34" and 38", the handrail and the top of the guard can be one and the same. In commercial applications, the IBC requires a minimum height of 42". On stairs, once there is a 30" drop, a handrail will be required and placed between 34" and 38" above the nosing.

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Regarding this, how many steps can you have before you need a handrail?

To get to your question - the code doesn't refer to the exterior in steps but states from finished floor or platform to finished grade in excess of 30" requires a guard rail. It's with interior they mention any stairway with more than 3 risers (2 steps) will require a handrail.

Beside above, do three steps require a handrail? Editorial Adviser Mike Guertin replies: Since your stairs will have only three risers, you don't need to install a handrail. That said, it's important to count the number of risers accurately.

Also know, does one step require a handrail?

The answer is one. On a commercial building, built to the IBC, a single step would require a hand rail. However, generally a sindle step isn't allowed or at least is discouraged. The code requires an elevation change of up to a foot be accomplished by a sloped surface but makes some exceptions.

What is the code for hand railing?

On a stair, since handrail must be between 34" and 38", the handrail and the top of the guard can be one and the same. In commercial applications, the IBC requires a minimum height of 42". On stairs, once there is a 30" drop, a handrail will be required and placed between 34" and 38" above the nosing.

21 Related Question Answers Found

What side of stairs does handrail go on?

Both sides are better and safer too for installing stair railings. There are no standard rules. But mostly It is suggested on the right hand side as you go down the stairs. Very few stairwells are full walled on both sides, so the wall-mount rail is usually same side as the banister rail.

At what height is a handrail required?

Guard Railing Minimum Height: 36 Inches
Horizontal walking surfaces with a drop-off more than 30 inches down must be protected by a guard. The minimum height for this guard is 36 inches. As with exterior decking, no guards or rails are needed if the surface is close enough to the ground: 30 inches or less.

What is the spacing for handrail brackets?

You need one at the top and one at the bottom. You also need additional brackets, spaced no more than 4 feet apart in the middle of the handrail to provide additional support.

Do you need a handrail on stairs?

Handrails for staircases
Stairs should have a handrail on at least one side if the stairs are less than 1 metre wide. You do not need a handrail on the first two bottom steps. In all buildings, handrail height should be between 900mm and 1000mm measured from the pitch line to the top of the handrail.

What is a step riser?


A stair riser is the near-vertical element in a set of stairs, forming the space between one step and the next. It is sometimes slightly inclined from the vertical so that its top is closer than its base to the person climbing the stairs.

What is a balustrade and what is a handrail?

Balusters are those vertical, vase-like posts or legs on railings that can be made of wood, iron, stone, or other materials. A balustrade is a name for that railing on a balcony, porch or terrace.

Do you need railings on both sides of deck stairs?

(1) Stairways less than 44 inches in width may have one handrail or stair railing except that such stairways open on one or both sides shall have stair railings provided on the open side or sides. (2) Stairways having less than four risers need not have handrails or stair railings.

What is the difference between a handrail and a stair rail?

And that's why people are choosing them to protect family members such as seniors who face threats from falling. A stair railing, on the other hand, is mostly to prevent people from falling off the side of the stairs.

What is the difference between handrail and guardrail?

There are major building code differences between the two, but the average person might use the words interchangeably. A handrail is, of course, for your hand and is often spotted in stairwells. A guardrail can be just about any size and is designed to keep to people safe near elevated places.

What is a graspable handrail?


Definition: Graspability of a handrail refers to the ability to get a secure hold onto a handrailing whose purpose, after all, is both to guide a walker along a stair or other surface and to prevent or perhaps to interrupt slip trip and fall hazards.

Do handrails have to be on both sides?

Handrails are required on both sides of stairs and must be continuous within the full length of each stair flight. Inside handrails on switchback or dogleg stairs must be continuous.

Do handrails have to return to the wall?

Handrail Return Requirements. Handrail extensions must return to a wall, itself or the walking surface. Note: While it is a common practice to leave a gap between a wall return and the wall, some inspectors have rejected this as they consider it a return toward the wall and not a return to the wall.

Are handrails required on both sides of a ramp?

When a handicap ramp has a rise greater than six inches or a horizontal projection greater than 72 inches, the ramp must have handrails on both sides. However, handrails are not required on curb ramps. Specific guidelines for ADA-compliant ramps include: The ramp must have handrails on both sides of all ramp segments.

What size should a handrail be?

Handrails should be no less than 34 inches above the stair or ramp and no more than 38 inches above. If you are working with alternating tread devices or ship ladders, you should measure above the tread nosings. The handrail should be between 30-34 inches above.

What is the code for exterior stairs?


Now, some common code requirements, along with our recommendations: - The stair treads should be at least 36 inches wide. But, we recommend that stairs should be at least 48 inches wide so they don't feel cramped. - The maximum allowable stair rise is 7 3/4 inches, and the minimum stair rise is 4 inches.