How do you use bioremediation?

Asked By: Wahab Verkoyen | Last Updated: 26th March, 2020
Category: business and finance green solutions
4.7/5 (66 Views . 11 Votes)
Bioremediation can be used to decontaminate soil by mixing it with compost, which is decomposed organic matter full of all sorts of - you guessed it - decomposers! Compost bioremediation can not only rid the soil of contaminants but also produces a really healthy soil in its place.

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Also asked, what organisms can be used for bioremediation?

Bioremediation makes use of living organisms to break down the pollutant into harmless, natural compounds. Bioremediators, the organisms used for bioremediation, are most often bacteria, archaea and fungi due to their rapid growth rate, variable metabolic needs and ability to be genetically manipulated.

Secondly, what is bioremediation with example? Bioremediation companies that specialize in soil and groundwater use microbes that feed on the hazardous substances for energy, which results in the breakdown of the targeted contaminant. Examples include junkyards, industrial spills, land development, fertilizer use, and more.

Also to know is, what is bioremediation and how does it work?

Bioremediation is the use of microbes to clean up contaminated soil and groundwater. Microbes are very small organisms, such as bacteria, that live naturally in the environment. Bioremediation stimulates the growth of certain microbes that use contaminants as a source of food and energy.

What are the two types of bioremediation?

There are two different types of bioremediation, in situ and ex situ.

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What bacteria is in bioremediation?

Below are several specific bacteria species known to participate in bioremediation.
  • Pseudomonas putida.
  • Dechloromonas aromatica.
  • Deinococcus radiodurans.
  • Methylibium petroleiphilum.
  • Alcanivorax borkumensis.
  • Phanerochaete chrysosporium.

What are the disadvantages of bioremediation?

Disadvantages of bioremediation include (Sharma & Reddy, 2004): If the process is not controlled it is possible the organic contaminants may not be broken down fully resulting in toxic by-products that could be more mobile than the initial contamination.

What is the purpose of bioremediation?

Bioremediation is a waste management technique that involves the use of organisms to remove or neutralize pollutants from a contaminated site.” According to the EPA, Bioremediation is a “treatment that uses naturally occurring organisms to break down hazardous substances into less toxic or non toxic substances.”

What is an example of Bioaugmentation?

An example of how bioaugmentation has improved an environment, is in the coke plant wastewater in China. In the enhanced microbial community indigenous microorganisms broke down the contaminants in the coke plant wastewater, such as pyridines, and phenolic compounds.

Where is bioremediation used?


Bioremediation can also be used in other water systems like rivers, streams, and estuaries. Lawn fertilizers, pesticides, and other contaminants find their way into these waters as they get picked up by rain water that runs down the land and into the water.

How long is bioremediation?

The bioremediation process may take anywhere from several months to several years to complete, depending on variables such as the size of the contaminated area, the concentration of contaminants, temperature, soil density, and whether bioremediation will occur in situ or ex situ.

Who discovered bioremediation?

Bioremediation was first discovered around 600 BC by the Romans. Although their versions of the process aren't as developed as today's, they were still able to use it. They used bioremediation to clean their waste water. Much later, in the 1960's, bio-remediation was officially invented by George Robinson.

What are the benefits of bioremediation?

Bioremediation has been successfully used to to clean up pollutants including crude oil, gasoline, pesticides, sewage, and chlorinated solvents used in cleaning supplies. The benefits of bioremediation include lower costs and less disruption of the contaminated environment when compared to other clean up methods.

What is the difference between Bioremediation and Biodegradation?

Bioremediation is the engineered process of application of biological means (including bacteria, algae, fungi, etc.) to degrade a material. Biodegradation is a slow process process, while bioremediation is a faster process. Biodegradation, on the other hand, is controlled by nature.

What can bioremediation clean up?


Bioremediation is the process by which microbes (generally bacteria) or plants transform a harmful water contaminant into a non-harmful substance, much as we turn sugar into carbon dioxide and water. Bioremediation can help clean up ground water contaminated with gasoline, solvents, and other contaminants.

When has bioremediation been used?

Bioremediation was used extensively to combat the devastating effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in 1989 and BP's Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010. In both oil spills, microorganisms were used to consume petroleum hydrocarbons and played a significant role in reducing the environmental impact.

What is biodegradation process?

Biodegradation is the naturally-occurring breakdown of materials by microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi or other biological activity. Essentially, composting is an accelerated biodegradation process due to optimized circumstances.

How does bioremediation affect the environment?

Bioremediation works by providing these pollution-eating organisms with fertilizer, oxygen, and other conditions that encourage their rapid growth. These organisms would then be able to break down the organic pollutant at a correspondingly faster rate. In fact, bioremediation is often used to help clean up oil spills.

How much does bioremediation cost?

Typical costs for enhanced bioremediation range from $30 to $100 per cubic meter ($20 to $80 per cubic yard) of soil. Factors that affect cost include the soil type and chemistry, type and quantity of amendments used, and type and extent of contamination.

What is bioremediation in biology?


bioremediation. [ bī′ō-rĭ-mē′dē-ā′sh?n ] The use of biological agents, such as bacteria, fungi, or green plants, to remove or neutralize contaminants, as in polluted soil or water. Bacteria and fungi generally work by breaking down contaminants such as petroleum into less harmful substances.

How are fungi used in bioremediation?

Fungi are among the potential candidates of bioremediation as they are natural decomposers of waste matter and secrete several extracellular enzymes capable of decomposing lignin and cellulose, the two essential components of plant fiber.

Where is biofilm found?

Biofilms have been found growing on minerals and metals. They have been found underwater, underground and above the ground. They can grow on plant tissues and animal tissues, and on implanted medical devices such as catheters and pacemakers. Each of these distinct surfaces has a common defining feature: they are wet.