How do you use a closed suction catheter?

Asked By: Arhoa Albaina | Last Updated: 1st January, 2020
Category: medical health ear nose and throat conditions
4.1/5 (89 Views . 27 Votes)
Apply suction continuously by depressing thumb valve while slowly withdrawing the catheter. than 10 seconds in the tube at a time. Put a few drops of normal saline into the trach tube using the saline port to help thin secretions.

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Keeping this in view, what is a closed suction catheter?

Catheter suction is used to remove tracheal secretions through the endotracheal tube in mechanically ventilated patients, which may be either closed tracheal suction system (CTSS) or open one. In CTSS, the catheter is a part of ventilator circuit with no need to disconnect the ventilator.

Likewise, what are the advantages of a closed suction system? Advantages of closed suction system The closed system allows to keep the Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) constant during the aspiration maneuver, reducing arterial desaturation and cerebral deoxygenation and speeding up the stabilization of vital parameters.

Regarding this, what is open and closed suctioning?

Closed versus open suctioning techniques. Alternatively, it can be accomplished with a closed suctioning system included in the ventilatory circuit, allowing to introduce the suction catheter into the airways without disconnecting the patient from the ventilator.

How far do you insert a suction catheter?

Insert the suction catheter until the centimeter markings on the ETT and the centimeter markings on the suction catheter are aligned. Insert the suction catheter no more than 1 cm further.

23 Related Question Answers Found

How many times can you suction a patient?

If suctioning more than once, allow the patient time to recover between suctioning attempts. During the procedure, monitor oxygen levels and heart rate to make sure the patient is tolerating the procedure well. Suctioning attempts should be limited to 10 seconds.

What is a suction catheter used for?

A suction catheter is a medical device used to extract bodily secretions, such as mucus or saliva from the upper airway. Once you securely attach one end of a catheter to an aspirator or collection canister, the unattached end will be placed directly into a trach tube to extract secretions.

How long will you insert the suction catheter?

Insert the catheter only as far as you properly measured it. After inserting the catheter the measured distance initiate suctioning as you retract the catheter in a sweeping motion. Do not suction too long! The maximum suction time should only be 15 seconds.

How often should inline suction be changed?

Currently, the largest manufacturer of in-line suction catheter systems (Trach Care; Ballard Medical Products, Draper, UT) recommends routinely changing the catheter every 24 h.

What is open suctioning system?


Closed suction catheter systems should be used as the system of choice for patients with an ETT or tracheostomy who require suction. Open suction systems ( OSS ) refer to a single-use catheter inserted into the ETT either by disconnecting the ventilator tubing or via a swivel connector.

How suctioning is done?

Tracheostomy suctioning removes thick mucus and secretions from the trachea and lower airway that you are not able to clear by coughing. Suctioning is done when you wake up in the morning and right before you go to bed in the evening. Suctioning is also done after any respiratory treatments.

Are soft suction catheters sterile?

These disposable suction catheters are sterile and are sold individually. For suction catheters and other medical supplies, Dynarex is a leading medical supply company.

What are the three main complications of tracheal suctioning?

Complications in the first post-tracheostomy week include:
Infection or cellulitis at the stoma site. Air leak including Pneumothorax, pneumo-mediastinum or subcutaneous emphysema. Respiratory and/or cardiovascular collapse. Dislodged tube or accidental decannulation.

Why do we suction patients?

The upper airway warms, cleans and moistens the air we breathe. Suctioning clears mucus from the tracheostomy tube and is essential for proper breathing. Also, secretions left in the tube could become contaminated and a chest infection could develop.

Can you suction without inner cannula?


When suctioning through a tracheostomy tube with an inner cannula, do not remove the cannula. The inner cannula remains in place during suctioning so that the outer cannula does not collect secretions. If oropharyngeal or nasal suctioning is required, complete after tracheal suctioning. Discard suction catheter.

How many types of suction are there?

The type of suctioning equipment you use often depends on the type of suctioning you intend to do. There are four basic types: Oropharyngeal suctioning: The most commonly used form of suctioning in emergency medicine, this type of suctioning maintains a patent airway by suctioning the throat via the mouth.

What is a French suction catheter?

8 French Suction Catheters. Suction catheters are used for suctioning out secretions, such as mucus or saliva, to clear blocked airways and restore or improve a patient's breathing. Catheters are connected to suction tubing, which is connected to a suction machine or collection canister.

What is a suction pump?

Definition of suction pump. : a common pump in which the liquid to be raised is pushed by atmospheric pressure into the partial vacuum under a retreating valved piston on the upstroke and reflux is prevented by a check valve in the pipe.

How do you suction an intubated patient?

Insert the suction catheter into the endotracheal tube or tracheostomy tube and advance it until it meets the carina (except in the neonatal intensive care unit); this should elicit a cough. Withdraw the catheter 0.5 cm to 1 cm and apply suction. Continue to withdraw the catheter while applying suction.

In what situations might suctioning be contraindicated?


Epiglottitis or croup are considered absolute contraindications to nasotracheal suctioning. Other situations, while not absolutely contraindicated, that need to be taken into consideration include: head or neck injury, laryngospasm and bronchospasm, occluded nasal passages, and bleeding disorders.

What is medical intubation?

Endotracheal intubation is a medical procedure in which a tube is placed into the windpipe (trachea) through the mouth or nose. In most emergency situations, it is placed through the mouth.