How do you make a homemade pergola?

Asked By: Raycho Cicci | Last Updated: 23rd January, 2020
Category: events and attractions historic site and landmark tours
4.1/5 (52 Views . 25 Votes)
How to Build a Wood Pergola
  1. gravel. lag bolts.
  2. Select the site for the pergola and mark the placement of the four posts. Use a post-hole digger or two-person auger to dig holes to a depth of 24" and width of 9".
  3. Cut joist beams from 2" x 10" boards to span the pergola posts.

Click to see full answer

Considering this, how much does it cost to build a pergola yourself?

For a basic 10-by-10 pergola using cost-effective cedar, expect to pay $3,000 for materials and $500 for labor, which isn't that much more than a DIY job. High-end pergola installations using more expensive materials such as Ipe or Teak can run the price up to $5,000 for materials and $750 to $1,000 in labor.

Additionally, what is the best material to build a pergola? The Right Material for Your Pergola

  • Wood: This is the most conventional and common material used to build a pergola.
  • Hardwoods are costly, but more durable and add an appeal to older homes.
  • Steel: Unlike wood, steel does not decay.
  • Aluminum: This alloy is lightweight and easy to maintain.

Correspondingly, what materials do I need to build a pergola?


  1. 8' 2x8 pressure-treated boards.
  2. construction adhesive.
  3. 5" galvanized drive screws.
  4. 1x3 boards.
  5. 2" x 3" galvanized steel angle brackets.
  6. 2x8 x 10' pressure-treated beam ties.
  7. 4x4 x 8' pressure-treated boards.
  8. 2x8 x 12' pressure-treated beams.

How much does a 12x12 pergola cost?

Some examples: 10 x 10 open-roof wooden pergola, $3,000-8,000. 12 x 12 solid-roof wooden pergola, $10,000-25,000+ 12 x 12 aluminum or vinyl pergola kit, installed, $6,000-8,000.

29 Related Question Answers Found

Does a pergola add value to a home?

Here's what we tell our customers: yes, a pergola will add market value to any house. Since outdoor living has become more popular than ever, the value of properties with a pergola or a comfortable outdoor space has been on the rise. A safe gauge for a deck or backyard improvement is about 50% — 80% for your ROI.

Can a pergola be freestanding?

Freestanding pergolas have at least four posts and like their name says, stand without being attached to any other structure or wall. The advantage of freestanding pergolas is there are no limitations on total size, height, or orientation. There are however always limits to the span of the beams.

Do pergolas really block the sun?

A pergola is a backyard shade structure with an open-lattice roof supported by columns or posts. Pergolas are not designed to completely block the sun, but to provide relief from direct sunlight, while allowing air to circulate freely.

What is the difference between a pergola and a Pergoda?

You can say that Pergoda and Pergola are a combination of both, because the Pergola only offers a sheltered shelf to the people, whereas the Pergoda is usually made of wood ornaments, vertical wooden beam support, and a wooden slat roof.

Are pergolas worth it?

A cedar pergola is more expensive than a pressure-treated pergola, but you'll typically get a longer serviceable lifespan from cedar. Vinyl: If you're looking for a pergola that requires very little maintenance, vinyl is certainly worth consideration.

How much does a retractable pergola cost?

While the cost of retractable awnings varies depending on the model, they generally range from about $800 to over $4,000.

How Much Do Retractable Awnings Cost?
Awning Type Low High
Retractable Screens $349 Taranto $916 Taranto
Retractable Canopies $858 Colosseo $1,671 Colosseo

How tall should a pergola be?

A pergola structure can be as wide as you like, as long as it's built with enough beams to support the roof. The minimum height of a pergola should be no lower than 7'6” to provide enough head room, though most projects call for a range of 8-10' in height.

What size should pergola rafters be?

Standard Pergola Rafter Spacing
The measurements are 12 inches and 16 inches off center rafter-to-rafter. This is a centerline measurement from the center of the board, so about three-quarters of an inch from the side of the board on its narrowest face.

How do you build a pergola on a deck attached to a house?

Build a Pergola For a Deck or Patio
  1. Materials and Tools:
  2. Steps:
  3. Drill one hole in the center of the bottom of each planter — this is where the lag screw will go to attach to the post.
  4. Drill a hole in the center of the bottom of each of the 4x4 posts for the lag screws.
  5. Attach the planters to the posts using lag screws.

How deep should pergola posts be in the ground?

Posts in the Ground
Make said holes with a diameter of at least 12 inches and a depth of a third of the height of the post (for example, if the post is 15 feet tall the holes need to be 5 feet deep). Depending on the average depth of frost in your location the holes may need to be deeper than this number.

How do you anchor a pergola to concrete?

  1. Step 1 - Locate Anchor Position. First, you will need to decide where the anchors are going to go.
  2. Step 2 - Drill Anchor Bolt Holes.
  3. Step 3 - Secure Metal Anchor.
  4. Step 4 - Place Post in Anchor.
  5. Step 5 - Drill Lag Bolt Holes.
  6. Step 6 - Secure Posts to Metal Anchor.
  7. Step 7 - Repeat for Each Post.

Do pergolas provide shade?

Pergolas provide shade.
Although they look somewhat unfinished to the untrained eye, pergolas do provide shade. The size of the beams and their spacing will determine exactly how much shade is provided, though a pergola on its own can never create a fully-shaded space.

How do you build a trellis?

Dig postholes at least 10 inches deep and fill the bottom few inches of the holes with gravel. Place the garden trellis posts in the holes and plumb them. Backfill with soil, tamping every few inches to ensure the posts are stable. Plant vining annuals, perennials, or shrubs at the base of the structure.

How can I make my pergola more stable?

Some potential options:
  1. sink the front two posts into the ground several feet and surround with concrete (typically you'd want 1/3 of the post in the ground.
  2. add diagonal bracing.
  3. metal reinforcement.
  4. add a railing to that side of the deck and diagonal brace that (tensioned cables, wood panels, diagonal rails, etc.)

Is it cheaper to build your own pergola?

The Difference between Pergolas, Trellises and Arbors
Most are wooden with a concrete or flagstone patio. Custom pergolas built by a pro will cost around $3,500 for materials and labor. You can also DIY which will lower your costs to around $3,000. Trellises.

How much does a metal pergola cost?

A metal pergola can be remarkably inexpensive. For example, a 3 metre deep by 6 metre long pergola can cost around $1800 or $100 per square metre. This type of pergola will have a flat roof and come in kit form. A timber kit of the same size might cost up to $3000.

How long will a wood pergola last?

Since they are made of wood, which is vulnerable to both rot and mold, you'll need to re-stain any wood pergola every year to keep it at bay. How much maintenance you do determines how long your pergola will last. If you stain it every year, you can expect it to give you 10 to 12 years of performance.