How do you do CPR on a 6 year old?

Category: medical health first aid
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Perform chest compressions:
  1. Place the heel of one hand on the breastbone -- just below the nipples.
  2. Keep your other hand on the child's forehead, keeping the head tilted back.
  3. Press down on the child's chest so that it compresses about 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest.
  4. Give 30 chest compressions.

Besides, what is the CPR ratio for a child?

For children, if two rescuers are available to do CPR, the compression to breaths ratio is 15:2; if only one rescuer is available, the ratio is 30:2 for all age groups. For very small children, you can use one-handed chest compressions.

Secondly, where do you check a pulse on a child? There are several areas on the body to read a pulse, but in kids these are generally the easiest places:
  1. On the neck (carotid artery pulse). The carotid artery runs along either side of the throat (windpipe).
  2. On the wrist (radial pulse).
  3. In the armpit (axillary pulse).
  4. In the crease of the elbow (brachial pulse).

Similarly, you may ask, when should a child start CPR?

Child CPR. Pediatric resuscitation protocols apply to infants less than 1 year of age and children up to the age of puberty or those weighing less than 121 pounds (Merck Manuals). Although CPR for children is very similar to adult CPR, rescuers should start CPR before calling 911.

Where is the correct hand placement for CPR for child?

When performing chest compressions on a child proper hand placement is even more crucial than with adults. Place two fingers at the sternum (the bottom of the rib cage where the lower ribs meet) and then put the heel of your other hand directly on top of your fingers (Figure 1).

28 Related Question Answers Found

What to do if child is choking?

Learn first aid for a child who is choking
  1. Give up to five back blows: hit them firmly on their back between the shoulder blades.
  2. Give up to five abdominal thrusts: hold the child around the waist and pull inwards and upwards above their belly button.
  3. Call 999 if the blockage does not dislodge.

What should you do if a choking child is coughing?

Coughing is the most effective way to dislodge a blockage. If the child isn't able to cough up the object, ask someone to call 911 or the local emergency number as you begin back blows and abdominal thrusts (see step 2, below). If you're alone with the child, give two minutes of care, then call 911.

How do you resuscitate a child after drowning?

To find a CPR course, go to or
  1. Take the Child Out of the Water.
  2. Get Help, if You Are Not Alone.
  3. Check for Breathing and Responsiveness.
  4. If the Child Is Not Breathing, Start Rescue Breathing.
  5. Begin Chest Compressions.
  6. Repeat the Process.

Where should you check for an infant's pulse?

Pulse check location– for an infant, it is easiest to check for a pulse using the brachial artery. To locate the brachial artery, place 2 or 3 fingers on the inside of the upper arm between the shoulder and elbow. Press the fingers gently for 5 to 10 seconds to feel for a pulse.

When administering compressions to a child do you remember?

When administering compressions to a child, remember:
2 hands/2 inches. 2 hands/1 inch. 1 hand/2 inches.

What are the seven steps of CPR?

The Seven Fundamental Steps of CPR -
  1. Put the heel of your dominant hand at the center of the person's chest.
  2. Put your other hand over your dominant hand, then interlock your fingers.
  3. Start chest compressions.
  4. Open the person's mouth.
  5. Add a rescue breath.
  6. Watch the chest fall, then do another rescue breath.
  7. Continue the 30 compressions, 2 breaths cycle.

What is the most common cause of collapse in a child or infant?

Usually, a child or an infant has a respiratory emergency first and then a cardiac emergency develops. Causes of cardiac arrest in children and infants include: Airway and breathing problems. Traumatic injury or an accident (e.g., motor-vehicle collision, drowning, electrocution or poisoning).

What are the four steps in pediatric basic life support?

BLS Sequence for Lay Rescuers
  • Safety of Rescuer and Victim.
  • Assess Need for CPR.
  • Check for Response.
  • Check for Breathing.
  • Start Chest Compressions.
  • Open the Airway and Give Ventilations.
  • Coordinate Chest Compressions and Breathing.
  • Activate Emergency Response System.

What is a difference between adult and pediatric CPR?

Depending on the size of the child, you can use one or two hands to provide compressions. Because children have smaller chests than adults, the depth of compressions should be only one and a half inches. The compression and breath rate should be the same for children as for adults—30 compressions to two breaths.

What is the youngest age you can use an AED?

Children over age 8 can be treated with a standard AED. For children ages 1–8, the AHA recommends the pediatric attenuated pads that are purchased separately. In infants <1 year of age a manual defibrillator is preferred. If a manual defibrillator is not available, an AED with a dose attenuator may be used.

How often should rescue breaths be given to a child when a pulse is present?

If there is a palpable pulse within 10 seconds, then a rescue breath should be given every 3 seconds. Breaths should last one second and the chest should be observed for visible rise. If the victim has an advanced airway, then the provider should administer breaths 10-12 times per minute.

How deep should chest compressions be on a child?

Minimum depth of chest compression: compression depth for adults is a minimum of 5 cm/2 in. Compression depth for a child is at least ? the depth of the chest size, or 5 cm for a child and 4 cm for an infant.

How many compressions do you breathe in CPR for a child?

If someone else is helping you, you should give 15 compressions, then 2 breaths. Continue this cycle of 30 compressions and 2 breaths until the child starts breathing or emergency help arrives.

Do you start CPR if there is a pulse?

If the victim has a pulse but is breathing abnormally, maintain the patient's airway and begin rescue breathing. Administer one breath every 5 to 6 seconds, not exceeding 10 to 12 breaths per minute. Check the patient's pulse every 2 minutes. If at any point there is no pulse present, begin administering CPR.

What are the signs of a child who is choking?

The danger signs of choking are:
  • Bluish skin color.
  • Difficulty breathing -- ribs and chest pull inward.
  • Loss of consciousness (unresponsiveness) if blockage is not cleared.
  • Inability to cry or make much sound.
  • Weak, ineffective coughing.
  • Soft or high-pitched sounds while inhaling.