How do you diagnose dysgraphia?

Asked By: Abdi Besnier | Last Updated: 6th June, 2020
Category: education special education
4.5/5 (85 Views . 26 Votes)
Among the tests often included in an evaluation for dysgraphia are:
  1. An IQ test.
  2. Academic assessment that includes reading, arithmetic, writing, and language tests.
  3. Measures of fine motor skills related to writing.
  4. Writing samples evaluated for spelling, grammar, and punctuation as well as the quality of ideas presented.

Click to see full answer


Keeping this in view, what are the signs of dysgraphia?

Other signs of dysgraphia to watch for include:

  • Cramped grip, which may lead to a sore hand.
  • Difficulty spacing things out on paper or within margins (poor spatial planning)
  • Frequent erasing.
  • Inconsistency in letter and word spacing.
  • Poor spelling, including unfinished words or missing words or letters.

Similarly, how do you treat dysgraphia? Occupational therapy is most often used in treating dysgraphia in children, but some OTs work with adults as well. Occupational therapy might include manipulating different materials to build hand and wrist strength, running letter formation drills, and practicing cursive writing, which can be easier than printing.

Also to know, can OT diagnose dysgraphia?

Evaluating Dysgraphia An Occupational Therapist can evaluate the fine motor problems, but for the purposes of identification for school services and accommodations, an evaluation by a licensed psychologist or a certified school psychologist is needed.

Can you outgrow dysgraphia?

Fact: Dysgraphia is a lifelong condition—there's no cure to make it go away. That doesn't mean, though, that people with dysgraphia can't succeed at writing and other language-based activities. There are a lot of ways to get help for dysgraphia, including apps and accommodations .

38 Related Question Answers Found

At what age is dysgraphia diagnosed?

While letter formation and other types of motoric dysgraphia can be diagnosed at the age of five or six years old, some diagnostic tools, such as the norm-referenced Test of Written Language (TOWL-4), are only appropriate for students nine years of age or older, since they will have had more experience with writing

Is dysgraphia genetic?

Though dysgraphia — a learning disability that primarily affects handwriting — may seem straightforward, it's hardly a one-size-fits-all disorder. Like other learning disabilities, dysgraphia is highly genetic and often runs in families.

How does dysgraphia affect the brain?

Dysgraphia is a neurological disorder characterized by writing disabilities. The cause of the disorder is unknown, but in adults, it is usually associated with damage to the parietal lobe of the brain. Treatment for dysgraphia varies and may include treatment for motor disorders to help control writing movements.

What are the different types of dysgraphia?

There are three main types of dysgraphia: dyslexic, motor and spatial. Let's take a look at each of these in more detail now. Dyslexic dysgraphia is language based, having to do with the connections between reading and writing.

Does dysgraphia affect math?


Dysgraphia doesn't limit itself to words--it also affects a students' ability to learn and apply math skills. For instance, students with dysgraphia may: Have inconsistent spacing between numbers and symbols. Omit numbers, letters, and words in writing.

Is dysgraphia a disability?

Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing abilities. It can manifest itself as difficulties with spelling, poor handwriting and trouble putting thoughts on paper. Because writing requires a complex set of motor and information processing skills, saying a student has dysgraphia is not sufficient.

How does dysgraphia affect a person?

Affects a person's handwriting ability and fine motor skills. A person with this specific learning disability may have problems including illegible handwriting, inconsistent spacing, poor spatial planning on paper, poor spelling, and difficulty composing writing as well as thinking and writing at the same time.

What is the difference between dysgraphia and dyspraxia?

dysgraphia: Both of these learning differences can affect fine motor skills and impact writing. An issue that can impact fine and gross motor skills. Trouble with fine motor skills in particular can affect handwriting. Dyspraxia also typically affects a person's conception of how his body moves in space.

What do I do if my child has dysgraphia?

8 Expert Tips on Helping Your Child With Dysgraphia
  1. Feel the letters. Taking away one sense experience often heightens the others.
  2. Write big. Kids with dysgraphia usually have trouble remembering how to form letters correctly.
  3. Dig into clay.
  4. Practice pinching.
  5. Start cross-body training.
  6. Build strength and stability.
  7. Practice “organized” storytelling.
  8. Speak it first.

What percent of the population has dysgraphia?


Since so many adults with dysgraphia remain undiagnosed, it's difficult to estimate just how many are living with the condition. In children, the rate is often estimated between 4 and 20 percent — and since dysgraphia can't be outgrown, just as many adults are living with this learning disability.

Does dysgraphia affect speech?

Dysgraphia and expressive language issues both affect language use and learning. Dysgraphia can make it hard to express thoughts in writing. (You may hear it called “a disorder of written expression.”) Expressive language issues make it hard to express thoughts and ideas when speaking and writing.

How does occupational therapy help with dysgraphia?

Some kids with dysgraphia struggle with the physical act of writing. Occupational therapy can often help with this. Therapists can work to improve the hand strength and fine motor coordination needed to type and write by hand. They might also help kids learn the correct arm position and body posture for writing.

Does dysgraphia affect reading?

Dysgraphia is a specific learning disability that affects how easily children acquire written language and how well they use written language to express their thoughts. Occasionally, but not very often, children have just spelling problems and not handwriting or reading problems.

What does an OT evaluation consist of?

An occupational therapy evaluation will assess a child's gross motor, fine motor, visual motor, visual perceptual, handwriting, daily living and sensory processing skills.

Can occupational therapist diagnose?


Occupational therapists and physical therapists are skilled in the observation of fine and gross motor task performance and can assist in accurately identifying and assessing children with DCD.

Can you develop dysgraphia later in life?

The learning disability associated with writing is known as dysgraphia. Dysgraphia is one of the most frequently missed learning disabilities — meaning that many people with the condition get to adulthood without knowing there was a specific cause for their writing-related difficulties.

Is dysgraphia linked to autism?

Dysgraphia was common in children with ADHD (56%) and autism (56%), especially those with a learning disability in reading (71%) or math (72%). The study demonstrates the importance of controlling for both IQ and diagnosis when examining factors related to dysgraphia, which previous studies have not done.