How did the mountains affect ancient Greece?

Asked By: Natalja Czajkowsk | Last Updated: 8th January, 2020
Category: science geography
4.3/5 (187 Views . 35 Votes)
As a peninsula, the people of Greece took advantage of living by the sea. The mountains in Greece did not have fertile soil good for growing crops, like in Mesopotamia, but the mild climate allowed for some farming. The Greeks, like many other ancient civilizations, felt deeply connected to the land they lived on.

Click to see full answer


Besides, how did the mountains affect the Greeks?

The geography of Greece affected Greece communities by isolating them from each other. This was because of the high mountains, preventing them to communicate and interact with one another. The geography, especially the mountains, also affected travel, crops, and livestock, thus changing their food.

One may also ask, how did islands affect ancient Greece? The geography of the region helped to shape the government and culture of the Ancient Greeks. Geographical formations including mountains, seas, and islands formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states and forced the Greeks to settle along the coast.

Just so, why were mountains important in ancient Greece?

From early times the Greeks lived in independent communities isolated from one another by the landscape. Later these communities were organized into poleis or city-states. The mountains prevented large-scale farming and impelled the Greeks to look beyond their borders to new lands where fertile soil was more abundant.

How did the mountains help the development of Greece?

The creation of colonies, because of the mountains, led to the spread of Greek culture throughout the Mediterranean Sea. The mountains of Greece also acted as barriers to separate different areas. The mountains of Greece also provided precious metals like silver and gold to the city-states.

39 Related Question Answers Found

How did ancient Greece geography affect their trade?

The geography that had the most effect on Greece included the climate, the sea, and the mountains. Second, most of Greece was surrounded by sea. For the Greeks, the sea provided an excellent way to travel and trade between different lands. The sea additionally provided seafood.

What were two major differences between the civilizations of Greece and Mesopotamia?

What were two major differences between the civilizations of Greece and Mesopotamia? The Mesopotamian culture was centered around agriculture and the Greek culture was centered around trade.

Why was farming difficult in ancient Greece?

Farming in ancient Greece was difficult due to the limited amount of good soil and cropland. It is estimated that only twenty percent of the land was usable for growing crops. The main crops were barley, grapes, and olives. Grain crops, such as barley and wheat, were planted in October and harvested in April or May.

Why are the Minoans not considered Greek by historians?

The Minoans are considered the first European civilization. They were in one sense the first "Greek" civilization. But the people were not Greek. The Minoans had a fleet to protect their trade ships from pirates, but probably not a military navy.

Who were the Mycenaeans?


The Mycenaeans are the first Greeks, in other words, they were the first people to speak the Greek language. The Mycenaean civilization thrived between 1650 and 1200 BC. The Mycenaeans were influenced by the earlier Minoan civilization, located on the island of Crete.

How did ancient Greece get fresh water?

In the ancient Greece used water from the households, from public institutions, and also rain water from the streets were collected in sewer systems. In this time people mostly used mixing methods, with them sewage from the households and the institutions were disposed together with the rain water from the streets.

Who introduced the world's first democracy?

The term "democracy" first appeared in ancient Greek political and philosophical thought in the city-state of Athens during classical antiquity. The word comes from demos, "common people" and kratos, "strength". Led by Cleisthenes, Athenians established what is generally held as the first democracy in 508–507 BC.

Who did ancient Greece trade with?

Trade. Greece's main exports were olive oil, wine, pottery, and metalwork. Imports included grains and pork from Sicily, Arabia, Egypt, Ancient Carthage, Bosporan Kingdom.

What resources did ancient Greece have?

Using Natural Resources in Ancient Greece
They made oil from the olives and wine from the grapes, and used goats and sheep for milk, cheese, and wool. The mountainous islands of Greece limited the amount of farmland to the Greeks.

How did ancient Greece use their environment?


The environment made an impact on the Greeks by teaching them how to collect food and survive in a harsh environment. Therefore, the Greeks had to adapt to their environment efficiently. The environment also affected them because they had to learn to fish instead of hunt on land.

Where did ancient Greece begin?

Geography of Ancient Greece
Its origins were in the land of Greece and the islands of the Aegean Sea, plus the west coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey). This is a landscape of mountains and sea.

How was Greece formed?

Archaic Greece
In the 8th century BC, Greece began to emerge from the Dark Ages which followed the fall of the Mycenaean civilization. Literacy had been lost and Mycenaean script forgotten, but the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabet, modifying it to create the Greek alphabet.

What were some of the dangers of travel in ancient Greece?

The dangers of travel in the Archaic period included the legal problem of being in the territory of another state without permission whilst trying to arrive at one's destination, unreliable transport, robbery and even abduction; the latter two were a particular danger when travelling by sea, where pirates operated.

How were the Greek islands formed?

About 20 million years ago, the northeast tip of the African plate started crashing with the Asian continent. At the same time, Crete, Cyclades and the rest islands of the Aegean Sea had totally been raised and formed a common coast with the the Greek continent and Minor Asia.

Who were the Minoans and where did they live?


The Minoans lived on the island Crete, this was their main center. They also had control over Thera and Rhodes, two Greek islands, along with having had some control over the coast of Turkey.

How did ancient civilizations get water?

In ancient civilizations humans created water mills to grind wheat, developed drainage, built canals, aqueducts, and pipes for water transport. Large levees along Chinese rivers, Greek water supply systems, and Roman aqueducts are monuments to ancient water technologies. Reservoirs were built for irrigation.

How did ancient Greece geography affect its development?

As a peninsula, the people of Greece took advantage of living by the sea. The mountains in Greece did not have fertile soil good for growing crops, like in Mesopotamia, but the mild climate allowed for some farming. The Greeks, like many other ancient civilizations, felt deeply connected to the land they lived on.