How did the geography of Greece affect early civilizations?

Asked By: Zak Zaniboni | Last Updated: 18th February, 2020
Category: science geography
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As a peninsula, the people of Greece took advantage of living by the sea. The mountains in Greece did not have fertile soil good for growing crops, like in Mesopotamia, but the mild climate allowed for some farming. The Greeks, like many other ancient civilizations, felt deeply connected to the land they lived on.

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Keeping this in view, how did geography affect the development of civilization in Greece and Italy?

Greece was very mountains and because Greeks couldn't traverse the mountains, this led to the development of many independent city-states. Italy had a similar geography but the Latins banded together for protection, became strong and this is how Rome developed.

Likewise, what are the geographical features of ancient Greece? Mainland Greece is a mountainous land almost completely surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. Greece has more than 1400 islands. The country has mild winters and long, hot and dry summers. The ancient Greeks were a seafaring people.

Also to know, how did ancient Greece geography affect their trade?

The geography that had the most effect on Greece included the climate, the sea, and the mountains. Second, most of Greece was surrounded by sea. For the Greeks, the sea provided an excellent way to travel and trade between different lands. The sea additionally provided seafood.

What role did geography play in the development of Greek civilization?

The geography of the region helped to shape the government and culture of the Ancient Greeks. Geographical formations including mountains, seas, and islands formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states and forced the Greeks to settle along the coast.

29 Related Question Answers Found

Who were the Mycenaeans?

The Mycenaeans are the first Greeks, in other words, they were the first people to speak the Greek language. The Mycenaean civilization thrived between 1650 and 1200 BC. The Mycenaeans were influenced by the earlier Minoan civilization, located on the island of Crete.

What was the first major civilization to develop in Greece?

What was the first major civilization to develop in Greece? The first major civilization to develop in Crete were the Minoans. The spent much time in the sea because they lived in the sea.

How did geography affect Greece?

The geography of Greece affected Greece communities by isolating them from each other. This was because of the high mountains, preventing them to communicate and interact with one another. The geography, especially the mountains, also affected travel, crops, and livestock, thus changing their food.

What were two major differences between the civilizations of Greece and Mesopotamia?

What were two major differences between the civilizations of Greece and Mesopotamia? The Mesopotamian culture was centered around agriculture and the Greek culture was centered around trade.

How did mountains help the development of Greece?


The creation of colonies, because of the mountains, led to the spread of Greek culture throughout the Mediterranean Sea. The mountains of Greece also acted as barriers to separate different areas. The mountains of Greece also provided precious metals like silver and gold to the city-states.

How did the geography of Greece influence Greeks interactions with each other?

How did the geography of Greece influence Greeks' interactions with each other? It led to the creation of a unified monarchy. It caused independent city-states to develop. It caused a Greek system of military rule to develop.

How did the geography of the Italian peninsula affect the development of the Roman Empire?

How did the geography of the Italian peninsula influence the development of the Roman Empire? The Italian peninsula had hill like mountains which allowed the Roman city-states to build roads and stay connected, it was also in the middle of the Mediterranean sea so traders stopped on the peninsula.

Why was geography important in ancient Greece?

Geography had an enormous impact on the ancient Greek civilization. The people of ancient Greece took advantage of all this saltwater and coastline and became outstanding fishermen and sailors. There was some farmland for crops, but the Greeks could always count on seafood and waterfowl to eat.

Why is Greek trade important?

For the people of Ancient Greece, international trade became an important part of their economy and culture. The Greeks couldn't grow all the food they needed and had to trade with other cultures across the Mediterranean region.

How did Greeks modify their environment?


The environment made an impact on the Greeks by teaching them how to collect food and survive in a harsh environment. Therefore, the Greeks had to adapt to their environment efficiently. The environment also affected them because they had to learn to fish instead of hunt on land.

What goods did ancient Greece trade?

Trade. Greece's main exports were olive oil, wine, pottery, and metalwork. Imports included grains and pork from Sicily, Arabia, Egypt, Ancient Carthage, Bosporan Kingdom.

What are the nine regions of ancient Greece?

Traditionally, Greece is divided into nine geographic regions that are differentiated by topography and regional tradition but not by political administration. The six mainland regions are Thrace, Macedonia, and Epirus to the north, and Thessaly, Central Greece, and the Peloponnesus farther south.

How has Greece's geography affect settlement patterns?

The Greek Peninsula has been invaded by land from the east or the north and from the south, the east or the west by sea. The traditional answer to this question is that Greece is very mountainous, so that trade goes by sea, so that the settlements are all at coastal harbours.

Where is ancient Greece on a map?

Located in southern Europe, Greece is made up of the mainland and hundreds of small islands spread throughout the Ioanian, Aegean, and Mediterranean Seas. As a peninsula, the people of Greece took advantage of living by the sea.

How did ancient Greece get fresh water?


In the ancient Greece used water from the households, from public institutions, and also rain water from the streets were collected in sewer systems. In this time people mostly used mixing methods, with them sewage from the households and the institutions were disposed together with the rain water from the streets.

How did geography affect Athens?

Cause: Athens had a Mediterranean climate. Cause: Sparta was located in the mountains. Effect: They had a temperate but dry climate. Athens was near the Mediterranean sea and was surrounded by it on 3 sides.

How is the geography of Greece different from other civilizations?

Unlike many of these other civilizations, the Greek civilization did not develop in a river valley, but it was surrounded by water. Greece is actually a series of islands or archipelagos and peninsulas. These islands and peninsulas were covered with high mountains, making travel by land very difficult.