Did the Greeks use axes?
Correspondingly, who used battle axes?
The Romans used the battle-axe. Roman infantry soldiers used a weapon, the pilum. The pilum was a heavy spear, used for thrusting or throwing. The iron head was leaf-shaped and two to three feet long.
Likewise, did Vikings use battle axes?
Vikings most commonly carried sturdy axes that could be thrown or swung with head-splitting force. The Mammen Axe is a famous example of such battle-axes, ideally suited for throwing and melee combat. An axe head was mostly wrought iron, with a steel cutting edge.
Soldiers were required to provide their own panoply, which could prove expensive, however the lack of any official peace-keeping force meant that most Greek citizens carried weapons as a matter of course for self-defence. Weapons were primarily constructed from iron, wood and bronze.