Can babies with galactosemia be breastfed?

Asked By: Lekbir Lubian | Last Updated: 16th February, 2020
Category: food and drink food allergies
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Infants with classic galactosemia cannot be breast-fed due to lactose in human breast milk and are usually fed a soy-based formula. Galactosemia is sometimes confused with lactose intolerance, but galactosemia is a more serious condition.

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Moreover, what do babies with galactosemia eat?

A child on a galactose-restricted diet can eat most foods containing protein, such as beef, poultry and eggs. They can also eat most types of fruits, vegetables, and grains. Since children with galactosemia cannot consume milk products, their calcium levels may be too low.

Secondly, what are the 5 true contraindications to breastfeeding?

  • Birth Defects.
  • Breast Surgery.
  • Ebola Virus Disease.
  • Food-borne and Waterborne Illness.
  • Hepatitis B or C Infections.
  • Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
  • HIV.
  • Influenza.

Consequently, how do you know if your baby has galactosemia?

A baby may develop signs of galactosemia within the first few days of life if the consume lactose found in breast milk or baby formula. These initial signs include: Refusal to eat. Spitting up or vomiting.

What can be passed through breast milk?

Breast milk transmission of maternal viral infection is well established for CMV and HIV-1. In other maternal viral diseases, e.g., other herpes viruses, parvovirus, hepatitis A, B and C, and rubella, the virus is often demonstrated in the breast milk, but transmission is very rare.

39 Related Question Answers Found

How does galactosemia cause mental retardation?

The mental retardation that is sometimes observed in galactosemic children may be caused by the high galactose level, the low glucose level, or both. It has been estimated that hereditary intolerance to galactose occurs in approximately one in 18,000 infants. Galactosemia is transmitted by an autosomal recessive gene.

Is galactosemia the same as lactose intolerance?

No, galactosemia should not be confused with lactose intolerance. People with galactosemia usually have no problems digesting lactose or absorbing galactose. People who are lactose intolerant must avoid large amounts of lactose in foods but can usually still digest and metabolize galactose.

What is the prognosis for galactosemia?

The classic form of galactosemia can be fatal without prompt treatment and careful management. Because milk is a staple of an infant's diet, diagnosis and treatment within the first week of life is critical to avoiding intellectual disability and life-threatening complications.

Is there galactose in breast milk?

Infants with classic galactosemia cannot be breast-fed due to lactose in human breast milk and are usually fed a soy-based formula. In contrast, a galactosemic individual who consumes galactose can cause permanent damage to their bodies.

What foods contain sucrose?

Sucrose is found in fruits and vegetables, and is purified from sugar cane and sugar beets for use in cooking and food production. The sucrose in your sugar bowl is the same sucrose found naturally in sugar cane, sugar beets, apples, oranges, carrots, and other fruits and vegetables.

Who is most likely to develop galactosemia?

Type 2 galactosemia is less common than type 1 and occurs in 1 out of every 100,000 babies. Type 3 and Duarte variant galactosemia are very rare. Galactosemia is more common among those who have Irish ancestry and among people of African descent living in the Americas.

Is galactosemia more common in males or females?

Galactosemia is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder. Recessive genetic disorders occur when an individual inherits a non-working gene from each parent. The chance for a child to receive working genes from both parents is 25%. The risk is the same for males and females.

Can you die from galactosemia?

Galactosemia means too much galactose builds up in the blood. This accumulation of galactose can cause serious complications such as an enlarged liver, kidney failure, cataracts in the eyes or brain damage. If untreated, as many as 75% of infants with galactosemia will die.

How is galactosemia passed down?

Galactosemia is an inherited disorder. This means it is passed down through families. If both parents carry a nonworking copy of the gene that can cause galactosemia, each of their children has a 25% (1 in 4) chance of being affected with it.

What part of the body does galactosemia affect?

Excess galactose in the blood affects many parts of the body. Some of the organs that may be affected include the brain, eyes, liver and kidneys. Infants with galactosemia usually have diarrhea and vomiting within a few days of drinking milk or formula containing lactose.

Who found galactosemia?

Galactosemia was first "discovered" in 1908. Von Ruess, in a 1908 publication entitled, "Sugar Excretion in Infancy," reported on a breast-fed infant with failure to thrive, enlargement of the liver and spleen, and "galactosuria".

What foods contain galactose?

  • Legumes and Legume Products (1)
  • Finfish and Shellfish Products (1)
  • Sausages and Luncheon Meats (1)
  • Dairy and Egg Products (12)
  • Soups, Sauces, and Gravies (1)

What are the chances of false positive galactosemia test?

Values approximating 0.5% that are evident for both galactosemia and CAH translate into about 200 false-positive newborn test results for every confirmed case.

What is galactose found in?

Sources. Galactose is found in dairy products, avocados, sugar beets, other gums and mucilages. It is also synthesized by the body, where it forms part of glycolipids and glycoproteins in several tissues; and is a by-product from the third-generation ethanol production process (from macroalgae).

What chromosome is galactosemia found on?

A number sign (#) is used with this entry because classic galactosemia is caused by homozygous or compound heterozygous mutation in the galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase gene (GALT; 606999) on chromosome 9p13.

How do you get Galt?

Gout is caused initially by an excess of uric acid in the blood, or hyperuricemia. Uric acid is produced in the body during the breakdown of purines - chemical compounds that are found in high amounts in certain foods such as meat, poultry, and seafood.

How is galactose metabolized?

Galactose Metabolism. Galactose, which is metabolized from the milk sugar, lactose (a disaccharide of glucose and galactose), enters glycolysis by its conversion to glucose-1-phosphate (G1P). The first reaction of the Leloir pathway is the phosphorylation of α-D-galactose by galactokinase to yield galactose-1-phosphate