Are door closers required on fire doors?

Asked By: Jenaro Grangeia | Last Updated: 2nd June, 2020
Category: home and garden home appliances
4.1/5 (595 Views . 20 Votes)
There is a requirement to install fire doors in large buildings. Doors of this type must be provided with a self-closing device. Door closers, colloquially known as door self closers, constitute an important accessory of the fire doors. In the doors of this type, it is simply obligatory equipment.

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Likewise, people ask, are door closers fire rated?

Resolution: All LCN closers have UL listings, and are Fire Rated for up to 3 hours.

Additionally, what doors need to be fire doors? Building Regulations specify that in homes over two storeys high, every door of a habitable room leading to a stairwell must be a fire door (this does not apply to toilets or bathrooms). Fire doors are also required between the house and integral garage (if applicable).

Accordingly, are Perko door closers suitable for fire doors?

The Perko concealed fire door closer is ideal for use where an overhead door closer would be unsuitable or unsightly. The Perko concealed door closer is rated for use on 30 and 60 minute fire doors (when fitted with intumescent acrylic) and is tested to endure 500,000 closing cycles.

Are all fire doors self closing?

Fire doors will have automatic closing devices (fire door closers) fitted. Spring-loaded self-closing hinges and concealed Perko door closers with chains might also be in evidence. There may be documentation that was supplied with a fire door giving you all the necessary information.

29 Related Question Answers Found

What class is a fire door?

The six classes
Class A: These doors should hold integrity for an hour, and stability and insulation for 30 minutes each. A Class A door can have a small viewing panel. Class B: These doors typically have a fire-resistant core. They can maintain integrity for two hours, and stability and insulation for an hour each.

What is the door closing mechanism called?

A door closer is defined as any mechanical device that closes a door in a controlled manner, preventing it from slamming, in general after someone opens it, or after it was automatically opened. When the fire alarm is triggered it cuts power to the electromagnetic hold-open device allowing the doors to close.

What door rating is required for a 2 hour wall?

Doors are rated for three-fourths of the rating of the surrounding wall: A 3-hour door is used in a 4-hour rated wall; a 1-1/2-hour fire door is used in a 2-hour rated wall; and a 3/4-hour door is used in a one-hour rated wall. The notable exception is that 1/3-hour rated doors are also used with one-hour rated walls.

What are automatic fire doors?

Fire doors are intended to protect openings in fire-retardant or fire-resistant walls against the penetration of fire. TORMAX automatic fire doors provide convenience in normal operations – and a plus point in terms of safety in an emergency because of their sustained resistance to fire and smoke.

What is a fire door closer?


The importance of fire door closers. Therefore automatic fire door closers are installed to ensure that, after a door is opened, it naturally returns to a closed position where it can offer the maximum fire safety. Door closers work by using the energy built-up when opening the door, to close it.

What is a fusible link fire door?

Fusible link closer arms incorporate a link made from pieces of metal held together by solder that is designed to melt when it reaches a certain temperature, releasing the hold-open and allowing the door closer to close the door.

What are self closing doors?

Self-closing hinges are designed to pull a door closed after it is opened and released. It keeps you from having to manually close doors. Self-closing hinges are best used on smaller doors. They are also best used on mechanical doors rated for fire such as on the roof or in the basement.

Do I need door closers on fire doors?

There is a requirement to install fire doors in large buildings. Doors of this type must be provided with a self-closing device. These, in turn, can be perfectly matched to a specific type of door. Door closers, colloquially known as door self closers, constitute an important accessory of the fire doors.

How long should it take for a fire door to close?

Fire Door – Time to Close. The closing speed of a door on an accessible route equipped with a door closer is limited by the accessibility standards to a minimum of 5 seconds to move the door from 90 degrees to 12 degrees from the latch. This ensures that a door does not close too quickly.

Do flat doors need to be self closing?


Building regulations
Unlike the front door, internal doors do not need to be fitted with self-closers, though it is advisable. It is worth noting that, dependent upon the size and layout of the individual flat, there may be requirements for a more extensive fire alarm system.

How do you remove a door closer?

  1. Step 1 Door closer.
  2. After removing the pin, the closer barrel can be removed.
  3. Loosen the screws from the bracket on the screen door to remove the bracket.
  4. Loosen the screws from the door jamb bracket and remove.
  5. Attach the new bracket to the door jamb with provided screws.

How do you identify a fire door?

A 5 Step Fire Door Check
  1. Check for certification Is there a label or plug on top (or occasionally on the side) of the door to show it is a certificated fire door?
  2. Check the gaps Check the gaps around the top and sides of the door are consistently less than 4mm when closed.

What is concealed door closer?

Concealed fire door closers provide the functionality of an overhead door closer but are fitted within the door leaf and frame. This type of installation is aesthetically pleasing and helps to reduce vandalism, as most of the door closer is hidden from sight.

What is a Perko door closer?

Product description
Perko® is the original concealed door closer, offering an economic means of providing automatic closing for internal doors up to 50.8kg in weight in light to medium use applications. Solid brass anchor plates, powder coated mechanism housing and precision-engineered chain add to its appeal.

Do I need intumescent strips on fire doors?


Yes. However, adding an intumescent strip does not make the door a fire door. For protection against fire we would always recommend a door with a fire resistance rating (FD30/FD60 depending on your building requirements), as well as having intumescent strips in place.

What should you never do to a fire door?

Top things you should not do with fire doors
  1. Never lock a fire door. Emergency fire doors must not be locked, or fastened in a way that they cannot easily, and immediately, be opened by any person who may require to use them in an emergency.
  2. Never leave a fire door wedged open.
  3. Never allow a fire door to be blocked.
  4. Enfield Doors.

What size door stops for fire doors?

The most common door stop spec (for fire testing purposes) is 12mm but that's not to say a manufacturer hasn't tested a door with 25mm stops.